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**Logical Reasoning based questions
from Ranking, are asked in exams especially IBPS PO, SBI PO and SSC CGL. After
discussing the basic let’s now move on to higher order ranking questions from
the logical reasoning section.**

All competitive exams like Bank IBPS PO, SBI PO and SSC CGL have a section on logical reasoning where ranking questions
are asked. In the previous blog post in this series of logical reasoning
questions on ranking, we discussed the basics and some important points. Taking
that ahead, in the 2

^{nd}blog in this series we will discuss ranking questions that need you to extend your logical reasoning a little beyond the basic questions, but these reasoning questions can be solved by using some smart methods in just a few seconds!
Before we move to difficult ranking
questions, you must quickly revise the basics of logical reasoning used in
simple ranking questions.

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**Set I – Logical Reasoning Ranking
Questions where Positions are Interchanged**

Ranking
questions asked in logical reasoning section of competitive exams are of
various kinds, one such category is where the positions of two members of the
group are interchanged. Such questions may appear to be slightly tricky but can
be easily solved with a little bit of logical reasoning.

**Problem 1**

**:**In a row of boys, Deepak is 7

^{th}from the left and Madhu is 12

^{th}from the right. If they interchange their positions, Deepak becomes 22

^{nd}from the left. What is the total number of boys in the row?

**Solution 1:**

From the
given information, we can plot the diagram where D and M represent the
positions occupied by Deepak and Madhu respectively-

Now when
they interchange their positions, their new positions are D’ and M’-

From the
above two diagrams, we can conclude that Madhu’s old position, becomes Deepak’s
new position. Now this position we know from both the ends, the right side and
the left side-

This now
means that we can easily find the total number of people in the row by applying
the basic formula-

Substituting
values in the formula, we get-

Total No. of
boys in the Group: 22 + 12 – 1 = 33

Therefore,
there are 33 boys in the row.

###
**Set II – Logical Reasoning Ranking
Questions based on Inequalities**

Often
ranking questions when extended in terms of logical reasoning also become
puzzles. In this section we will start with discussing some inequalities that
help in solving such logical reasoning questions.

A is neither
taller than nor equal to B

A is neither
shorter than not equal to B

A is neither
shorter nor taller than B

A is not
taller than B

A is not
shorter than B

A is as tall
as B

A is not as
tall as B

Apart from
these inequalities discussed above, there is another keyword that plays a major
role in logical reasoning questions like this, the word-

Whenever the
word ‘only’ is given in a statement it has a different meaning. Let’s look at some
sentences in logical reasoning where the word ‘only' plays an important role-

Let’s now
solve a question based on the use of the logical reasoning used in the above
inequalities and the word ‘only’.

**Problem 1**

**:**Among B, F, J, K, W, each having different weights, F is heavier than only J, B is heavier than F and W is not as heavy as K. Among them who is the 2

^{nd}heaviest?

**Solution 1:**

From the
given information and logically reasoning out the statements above, let us try
and arrange them in an ascending order. Since all of them have different
weights, it means no 2 people have the same weight.

Moving to
the next part of the statement- F is heavier than only J, we can conclude that,

The next
part of the statement says that’s- B is heavier than F and W is not as heavy as
K, so we can say that B is lighter than K, this can be represented as-

So from the
above diagram we can say- J is the lightest person and K is the heaviest
person. The 2

^{nd}heaviest person in the group is B.
Therefore
the answer is B.

You must
make a note here that such questions are asked in most Bank and SSC Exams.

###
**Practice Questions on Logical
Reasoning form Ranking **

Question 1:
George is fifth from the left and Peter is twelfth from the right in a row of
children. If they interchange their positions, George becomes tenth from the
left end. How many children are there in the row?

1) 21 2) 22 3) 23 4) 24 5) None of these

Question 2: Pune
is bigger than Jhansi, Sitapur is bigger than Chittor. Raigarh is not as big as
Jhansi, but is bigger than Sitapur. Which is the second biggest?

1) Pune 2) Jhansi 3) Sitapur 4) Chittor 5) None of these

Question 3: Among
five boys, Vineet is taller than Manick, but not as tall as Ravi. Jacob is
taller than Dilip but shorter than Manick. Who is the tallest in their group?

1) Ravi 2) Manick 3) Vineet 4) Cannot be determined 5) None of these

Remember to
leave your answers in the comment section.

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