Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.
Government Approves Shekatkar Committee Recommendations To Reform Military
The Union Defence Ministry has approved most of the proposals of a committee of experts, headed by Lt. Gen. D.B. Shekatkar (Retd) to bring a host of reforms in the military and improve financial management. Around 90 recommendations of the committee were approved. Most of these recommendations are measures to increase coordination among the three services, Army, Air Force and The Navy.
Indian Navy Gets Three Naval Systems From DRDO
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has handed over three naval systems to the Indian Navy. These latest systems will significantly enhance the navy’s navigation and communication network. The systems were handed over to the Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil Lanba by Union Defence Minister Arun Jaitley in New Delhi.
The naval systems given to Indian Navy are:
i. USHUS-II submarine sonar,
ii. Directing gear for hull-mounted sonar array, and,
iii. Inertial navigation system for ship applications.
Defence Minister also released two other products developed by DRDO:
i. IP-based secure phone:. It incorporates an indigenous encryption algorithm on a “trustworthy hardware platform”. It will provide high-level of secrecy to voice and data, for communication of strategic and tactical plans of the Armed Forces.
ii. Gallium Nitride Technology: It will substantially help in the development of next-generation radars, seekers and communication systems, for application in Light Combat Aircraft (LCA).
Supreme Court Says Aadhaar Card Cannot Be Made Mandatory By Government For Extending Benefits Of Welfare Schemes To People
The Supreme Court said that Aadhaar card cannot be made mandatory by the government for extending the benefits of its welfare schemes to the people. The apex court, however, said the government cannot be stopped from using Aadhaar in other schemes like the opening of bank accounts. The court said it will set up a seven-judge bench to hear the pleas challenging Aadhaar but right now it is not possible.
India Overtakes Japan To Become Third Largest In Domestic Air Traffic
India has achieved the third spot globally in Domestic Air Traffic behind USA and China. Japan has been pushed to the fourth spot now. The USA has topped the list with 716 million passengers travelling in 2016, followed by China which had 431 million passengers while India had 100 million domestic air passengers travelling in the year 2016. Japan had only 97 million domestic air passengers. Indian domestic aviation sector which has seen a huge surge in recent years has seen a 20 to 25 % growth in 2015-16.
ISRO Joins Antartica Expedition
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has joined the 36th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica (36-ISEA) organised by the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR). It has sent four teams, one team each from Space Applications Centre (SAC), National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS) and Space Physics Laboratory(SPL).
Key Facts: The main objective of this expedition is to install stakes on ice for Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) measurements around two Indian bases Bharati and Maitri in Antartica. It will validate glacier surface velocity derived from satellite data to estimate the thickness of snow over land and sea ice using Ground Penetrating Radars (GPR’s). It will also verify conditions of snow over the sea and land ice. ISRO teams will also study the snow melt and freeze dynamics in Antarctica using space-based and ground-based observations. It will also study measurements of Atmospheric Black Carbon (BC), greenhouse gases and solar radiation fluxes in Antarctica on a long-term basis.
Scientists Switch On The World’s Largest Artificial Sun
Scientists from the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) have switched on world’s largest artificial sun – a device developed to help shed light on new ways of making climate-friendly fuels. The artificial sun is a giant honeycomb-like set-up of 149 spotlights, officially known as the Synlight. It is located in Juelich. It uses xenon short-arc lamps normally found in cinemas to simulate natural sunlight.
Key Facts: The aim of the Synlight experiment is to develop an optimal setup for concentrating natural sunlight to power a reaction to produce hydrogen fuel. Its goal is to eventually use actual sunlight rather than the artificial light produced using electricity which is costly and requires as much electricity in four hours as a four-person household would use in a year. Using the array, scientists are seeking to produce the equivalent of 10,000 times the amount of solar radiation by focusing the entire array on a single 8×8 inches spot, approx. 20*20cm. When light from all the lamps is aligned to concentrate on a single spot, it can generate temperatures of around 3,500 degree Celsius i.e. temperature two to three times of a blast furnace.
Indian Science Congress To Be Held In Osmania University
The 105th Indian Science Congress will be hosted by Osmania University in Hyderabad from the 3rd to the 7th January 2018. This is for the sixth time that Osmania University will be hosting the ISC. It is expected that about 25 Nobel Laureates will be attending the conference, apart from 25000 delegates from across the country and many parts of the world.
West Bengal Wins Santosh Trophy In Football
West Bengal won the 2017 Santosh Trophy of football by defeating Goa by 1-0 goals. It was the 71st edition of Santosh Trophy and overall record 32nd win for West Bengal. For West Bengal, the lone winning goal was scored by Manvir Singh at the 119th minute of the match, extended after a goalless 90-minutes’ of regular play. This win ended West Bengal’s six-year wait having last won the title in 2011. Goa last won it in 2009.
World Earth Hour Observed On 25th March
The eleventh edition of the Earth Hour was observed across the world on 25 March 2017 to take a global call on climate change. To mark this day, cities worldwide turned their lights off from 8:30 pm to 9:30 pm local time. This year millions of people from some 170 countries and territories had taken part in the annual event in a bid to highlight global warming caused by the burning of coal, oil and natural gas to drive cars and power plants. Environmental activists this year also have focused on raising awareness on another problem that gets far less attention, i.e., Light Pollution.
About Earth Hour: Earth Hour is an annual international event organised by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). The first Earth Hour was held on March 31st, 2007 in Sydney, Australia. It is held annually in end of March to encourage everyone to turn off their non-essential lights for one hour, from 8:30 to 9:30 p.m, local time. The event encourages households and businesses to turn off their lights and electrical appliances for one hour at the appointed time to raise awareness about the need to take action on climate change. Its goal is to raise awareness for sustainable energy use and create a more environmentally sustainable lifestyle. Since its inception, it has become annual global environmental movement. Now it has grown to engage more than 7,000 cities and towns across 172 countries worldwide.
HDFC’s Aditya Puri Joins Elite Global List
The Chairman of HDFC Mr Aditya Puri has been named as the 23rd most powerful CEOs in the world, according to the American Magazine, Barron’s. The magazine published the list of the world’s top 30 CEOs. Facebook's CEO, Mark Zuckerberg is ranked 30th in the elite list.