Let’s take a quick look at what certifications are available and how they fair in helping your teaching career.
- CTET: Central Teacher Eligibility Test is a common entrance exam conducted by the Government of India for all those who are aspiring to become teachers.
- TET: Teacher Eligibility Test is also a common entrance exam conducted by the Govt. for aspiring teachers. The individual States may hold their own TETs.
- B Ed.: Bachelor in Education is a professional undergraduate degree for two years for those who wish to become teachers.
- Must have completed a bachelor's degree in any of the streams i.e. BA, B.Com, B.Sc from a recognized university with a minimum of 50%
- Must clear the entrance exam conducted by the Government and also by some of the reputed universities.
- In addition to the theory papers, the students are also expected to fare well in the practical training sessions.
So, what’s the difference between the two courses?
- Cadre: Clearing CTET and TET would give you eligibility to teach students from class 1 to class 8th. However, if you wish to teach at the secondary level and above, that's when B.Ed. comes into the picture.
- Category: After clearing CTET, one can apply for teaching jobs across India. Whereas, with TET one can apply only to schools within that State, where the score is valid. B.Ed. can be opted by clearing the entrance exam conducted by the Government. However, some reputed universities have their own entrance exams too.
The syllabus for CTET and TET are broadly divided into:Child Development Pedagogy
For both the exams, the subjects are the same, but the severity of questions will differ. The CTET exam has two language papers, both English papers that test the candidate's vocabulary and comprehending capacity respectively. Whereas in TET, even though there are two language papers, one is English and the other is the State language.
The Syllabus for B.Ed. would include:Paper I: Philosophical and biological basis of education
Paper II: The learner- Nature and development
Paper III: Teaching- learning process
Paper IV (Part A): School management (Part B): Computer education
Paper V: (Part A): Guidance and counselling
(Part B) One out of 16 subjects like school library services, comparative education, adult, and continuing education, health and physical education and more.
Paper VI and VII comprise of 2 subjects from 22 topics that one has during the education phase i.e. life sciences, history, mathematics, agriculture, commerce, etc.
Now that you about B.Ed. and CTET, choose the one which best suits you depending on your penchant for growth and learning abilities.