Saturday, 16 December 2017

What is Socialization? - Meaning and Phases

In this post, we will discuss what is socialization, the meaning of socialization and the Phases of socialization to make it easy for you to answer questions in CTET and TET exams.


Socialization and Socializing are often two confused terms, aspiring CTET and TET exams candidates mix up the terms and end up losing their scores in exams. At the end of this post, you will have a better understanding of socialization and socializing which will help you to boost your time and speed in the CTET and TET exams.

What is Socialization?

Socialization is a lifelong process of accepting, acquiring, adjusting, and adapting various values, beliefs, expectations and social skills.
Socialization is a two-way process which helps one to develop an individual personality on their own.
The process of Socialization "begins at birth and ends with death."

Phases of Socialization

Primary Socialization - Phase 1
Primary socialization is defined as the process in which a child, in his early childhood becomes socialized through the family. In case of the primary socialization, the key agent is the family.

Let's take an example: A young child in the family possess very little information about his culture and he/she is not aware of the values, practices and the social norms. A child learns about the do’s and don’ts of the society via family.
Therefore, a child learns
-Internalization of the society’s culture
-structuring of the personality

Secondary socialization - Phase 2

Secondary socialization is a  process that starts in the later stage of a child through agencies such as education and peer group.

In secondary socialization, the involvement of the family becomes less and other social agents play the dominant role. At this phase, a child predominantly learns everything from the school because a school bridges between the family and the society. In school, a child learns to be treated equally as others, since they don't get any special attention at home.

Watch our expert faculty explain you Socialization and four important agents of socialization.

Previous year CTET and TET exams questions -

1. Process of socialization does NOT include:
a. Learning the customs and norms of a culture
b. Acquisition of skills.
c. Acquiring values and beliefs
d. Genetic transmission

2.The most intense and crucial socialization takes place:
a. throughout the life of a person
b. during adolescence
c. during early childhood
d. during adulthood

Do leave the answers in the comment section below and download the free e-book of socialization and previous year questions to ace CTET and TET exams.

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Current Affairs - December 16, 2017

Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

WPI raises to an eight-month high of 3.93 % in Nov

Inflation based on the Wholesale Price Index (WPI) accelerated to an eight-month high of 3.93% in November, from 3.59% in October. Data released showed that retail inflation unexpectedly jumped to a 15-month high of 4.88% in November, and industrial production slowed to 2.2% in October. WPI-based inflation rose mainly on account of a sharp increase in fuel and food prices, according to data released by the commerce ministry. While fuel price index rose by 8.8%, food prices index rose 6.06%.

Indian diaspora largest in the world    

The Indian diaspora is the largest in the world, with over 15 million migrants from India living abroad, according to the World Migration Report 2018 published by the International Organisation for Migration, the United Nations migration agency. Because the country has the largest number of migrants abroad, India also receives the highest amount of remittances ($68.91 billion). The largest migration corridor is from India to UAE, where 3.5 million Indians were residing in 2015. The United States remained the top destination for migrants in the world in 2015, with 46.6 million migrants moving to the US in that year.    
World's 3 largest diasporas- 
1. India,         
2. Mexico,      
3. Russia.

Criminalisation of Triple Talaq cleared by Union Cabinet 

The Union Cabinet cleared the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017, or the Triple Talaq bill, which makes the practice a non-bailable offence. The bill proposes a three-year jail term for men who practise instant Triple Talaq. Under the draft law, triple talaq in any form - spoken, in writing or by electronic means such as email, SMS and WhatsApp - would be banned or illegal. The draft law also provides for three years in prison and a fine for a Muslim man trying to divorce his wife by uttering "talaq" three times.

State Bank of India introduces loyalty programme for customers       
The State Bank of India has introduced a loyalty program for its valued customers. This program is called as State Bank Rewardz, the program gives the customers several opportunities to earn reward points and earn many times faster at Max Get More partner outlets. Thus, one can become a member of the State Bank Rewardz Loyalty Program and earn points every time one spends.

Google opens AI research lab in China          

In an apparent move to rebuild its presence in China, Google announced that it will open a research lab focused on Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Beijing, China. It will be its first such centre in Asia. The "Google AI China Centre" will join the other AI research groups that the company has in other parts of the world, including in New York, Toronto, London and Zurich. Focused on basic AI research, the lab will consist of a team of AI researchers in Beijing, supported by the company's engineering teams.

Michael Jordan is the highest paid athlete of all time          

In the latest list released by Forbes, Michael Jordan has been named as the highest-paid athletes of all time. The 54-year-old has a whopping $1.7 billion in the bank. Former world number one golfer Tiger Woods is at the second spot while the late American golfer Arnold Palmer is at No.3. Forbes, the American business magazine was founded in 1917 with Headquarters in New York.

RBI imposes a fine of Rs 3 cr on IndusInd Bank      

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed Rs 3 crore penalty on IndusInd Bank for breaching rules on income classification norms. As per the RBI Statement, the penalty was imposed after the regulator observed violation of various regulations issued by the RBI on non-performing loans and extension of non-fund based limits.

RBI imposes restrictions on Corporation Bank       

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed certain restrictions on Corporation Bank on carrying out banking activities as its share of bad loans rose sharply. The RBI has triggered prompt corrective action (PCA) against it in view of high non-performing loans and requirement to raise capital. This makes Corporation Bank the eighth bank to face restriction in a span of 10 months. Corporation Bank's net non-performing loans have crossed 10% and it reported losses of Rs 1035 cr during the second quarter of 2017. Once PCA is triggered the bank faces restrictions on expenses such as opening branches, recruiting staff and giving increments to employees.     
  • The Managing Director & CEO of the Bank is Jai Kumar Garg and its Headquarters is Mangalore.    
  • Originally, the Bank came into being as Canara Banking Corporation (Udipi) Limited, on 12th March, 1906.
Sachin Siwach is named the best youth boxer by Asian Boxing Confederation      
World youth champion Sachin Siwach was named the Asian Boxing Confederation’s best youth boxer of the year 2017 after winning an online poll conducted by the continental body. Siwach polled 36.2% votes in this category. Siwach claimed the Asian youth championships silver this year besides a gold at the Youth Commonwealth Games. India also got the Best Asian International Technical Official (ITO) award with Lenny D’Gama winning the online poll. D’Gama polled 45.5%.

Eleventh Ministerial Conference of World Trade Organisation held in Argentina       

The Eleventh World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial Conference (MC11) took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The Conference was chaired by Minister Susana Malcorra of Argentina. The Indian Delegation was led by Minister of Commerce and Industry Suresh Prabhu.          
Major takeaways from the conference were:  
1. Three proponent groups announced new initiatives to advance talks at the WTO on the issues of electronic commerce, investment facilitation, and micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). 
2. The European Union contributed Euros 1 million to improve the trading capacity of developing countries and to help them play a more active role in trade negotiations.           
3. The United Kingdom government announced at the WTO’s Ministerial Conference with a commitment of £16 million (around US$ 21.3 million) to 51 of the world’s poorest countries.
4. For the first time in the history of the WTO, the members and observers have endorsed a collective initiative to increase the participation of women in trade.

Julio Ribeiro to be honoured with “Police Jeevan Gaurav” Award        

Former Mumbai Police Commissioner and Punjab Director General of Police is being honoured with the “Police Jeevan Gaurav” Award. This is being given by the Arvind Inamdar Foundation. The Arvind Inamdar awards were set up in 2015 for the welfare of police personnel. Apart from Julio Ribeiro, the awards for this year will also be given to DSP of Nagpur Ramesh Mehta and retired ASI of Beed Pandurang Misal.

After Hyderabad, Bangalore gets Giga byte speed in Internet     

On 13th December 2017, ACT Fibernet launched the 1Gbps wired broadband service in Bangalore. This is the second city after Hyderabad to get this facility. The scheme costs Rs 5999 per month, Rs 35994 for six months and Rs 71,988 for a year.

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Friday, 15 December 2017

Officially AP TET 2017-18 Exam Notification Released - AP TET 2017-18 Goes Online!

Finally, the wait comes to an end. Official Notification for the AP TET 2017-18 is out! Check the details of the notification and start your AP TET 2017-18 preparation.

AP TET 2017-18

AP TET 2017-18 notification has been released by the Andhra Pradesh's Human Resource Minister, Mr. Ganta Srinivas Rao on 13th December 2017. This is the 1st AP TET notification that has been released after the division of Andhra Pradesh. Applicants can start filling their registration forms from 18th December 2017.

The mode of AP TET 2017-18 examination is online. However, AP-TET eligibility remains same as the previous year and,  AP TET examination is conducted for 150 marks and the examination will be conducted for 2.5 hours. 

Here are the highlights of the AP TET Notification 2017-18

AP TET Notification 2017-18 - Exam Calendar

  • Starting Date to Submit Online Application - 18th December 2017
  • Last Date to Submit Online Application - 30th December 2017
  • Download of Hall Tickets - 1st January 2018
  • Date of Examination Paper 1 & Paper 2 - 17th to 18th January 2018
  • Date of Result Declaration - 8th December 2018

AP TET Notification 2017-18 - ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

The candidates at the time of applying for AP TET 2017-18 should be in possession of the following minimum qualifications prescribed for category of I to V classes (Paper- I) and VI to VIII classes (Paper - II) separately

Minimum Qualification for Paper 1 -

a) Intermediate / Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks. However, in case of SC/ ST/ BC/ Differently Abled candidates, the minimum marks shall be 45%
pass in 2 - year Diploma in Elementary Education / 4-year Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.) / 2 - year Diploma in Education (Special Education).


b) Intermediate / Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 45% marks. In respect of SC/ ST/ BC/ Differently Abled candidates, the minimum marks shall be 40%
pass in 2 - year Diploma in Elementary Education/ 4-year Bachelor of Elementary Education. (B.El.Ed.)/ 2 - year Diploma in Education (Special Education) in case of the candidates, who have passed or admitted to D.El.Ed/ D.Ed., course prior to the issue of these guidelines.

Minimum Qualification for AP TET PAPER-II (CLASSES VI TO VIII):

a) B.A./B.Sc./B.Com., with at least 50% marks. In case of SC/ST/BC/Differently Abled candidates, the minimum marks shall be 45% 
pass in Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) course/ Bachelor of Education(B.Ed -Special Education).
AP TET 2017-18

AP TET 2017-18 Notification - Exam Pattern 

Candidates who want to become a teacher for the Class I - V should give paper-I and the candidates who want to become a teacher for the class VI - VIII should give
Paper- II. 
However, a candidate who intends to become a teacher either for Class I-V or for Class VI - VIII should have to give both the Paper i.e. Paper I and Paper II. 

AP TET 2017-18 Notification - Paper I: Exam Pattern

(a) No. of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) – 150
(b) Duration of Examination: 2 hours and 30 minutes:

Structure and Content (all compulsory)
i) Child Development and Pedagogy       30 MCQs                  30 Marks
ii) Language I                                           30 MCQs                  30 Marks
iii) Language II (English)                          30 MCQs                 30 Marks
iv) Mathematics                                        30 MCQs                  30 Marks
v) Environmental Studies                         30 MCQs                  30 Marks
Total                                                         150 MCQs                150 Marks

AP TET 2017-18 Notification - Paper II: Exam Pattern

(a) No. of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) – 150
(b)Duration of Examination: 2 hours and 30 minutes

Structure and Content
(i) Child Development and Pedagogy                  30 MCQs                  30 Marks
ii) Language I                                                       30 MCQs                  30 Marks 
iii) Language II (English)                                      30 MCQs                  30 Marks
iv) (a) For Mathematics & Science Teachers       60 MCQs                  60 Marks
(b) For Social Studies Teacher                            60 MCQs                   60 Marks
(c) For any other Teacher – Either (iv)(a) or (iv)(b)
TOTAL                                                                  150 MCQs                150 Marks

Weightage of TET SCORES in the TEACHER RECRUITMENT of the State:

A 20% weightage to TET scores will be provided in the Teacher Recruitment of the State Government, balance 80% weightage will be for Written Test in Teacher Recruitment Test (TRT) based on which selection lists will be prepared.

Watch our expert faculty discuss the key pointers of the AP TET 2017-18 notification.

Since the AP TET 2017-18 moves online, it is important for you to get used to the technology. Start your preparation online and boost your speed and score in the AP-TET 2017-18 examination. 
AP TET 2017-18

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Current Affairs - December 15, 2017

Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

Norway becomes the first country to shut down its FM radio broadcast network

Norway became the world's first country to shut down national broadcasts of its FM network by completing its transition to digital radio. The transition will allow for better sound quality, a greater number of channels and more functions, at a cost eight times lower than FM radio. The transition concerns only national radio channels.            

The capital of is Oslo and its currency is the Norwegian krone.

India and Morocco sign agreement on Health Care

India and Morocco signed a MoU for enhanced cooperation in the health sector in New Delhi. Shri J P Nadda, Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare and Dr. Abdelkader Amara, Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Morocco signed the MoU. 

The main areas of cooperation include the following:       
• Non-communicable diseases, including child cardiovascular diseases and cancer;     
• Drug Regulation and Pharmaceutical quality control;   
• Maternal, child and neonatal health;       
• Hospital twinning for the exchange of good practices.         
The Capital of Morocco is Rabat and its currency is the Moroccan dirham.

14th December – National Energy Conservation Day        

The National Energy Conservation Day is celebrated annually on 14th December. The 14th President of India Mr. Ram Nath Kovind was the Chief Guest on the occasion. The ECD is organized on 14th December each year by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), under Ministry of Power. The Day is celebrated with an aim to demonstrate India’s achievements in energy efficiency and conservation.

OBOPAY secures license from Reserve Bank of India       

OBOPAY has announced that the company has secured a license for Prepaid Payment Instrument (PPI) from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to operate a semi-closed loop wallet in the country. The company would also be using the license to increase business in its B2B (business-to-business) operations by co-branding the prepaid instrument with a partner brand.    
  • OBOPAY is a global mobile payment solutions company.  
  • OBOPAY was established in 2005.   
  • The Chairman of the Company is D. Padmanabhan and its Head Office is in Bengaluru.

Ban on Rajasthan Cricket Association lifted by BCCI        

The Board of Control for Cricket in India decided to lift the ban on the Rajasthan Cricket Association (RCA) provided former IPL Chief Lalit Modi stays away from its functioning, the Board decided in its Special General Meeting (SGM). The RCA was suspended by the Indian cricket board in May 2014 when ex-Indian Premier League (IPL) Commissioner Modi was re-elected its president.

India ranks 100 in Prosperity Index      

India has upgraded its ranks in ‘The Legatum Prosperity Index 2017’ and is now at the 100th position. At present, the rising trend in India’s prosperity is significant in view of the fact that India registered lower economic growth following demonetisation and implementation of the goods and services tax (GST) reform in 2017. The index, which offers an insight into how prosperity is forming and changing across the world, ranks India 100th on the list of prosperous countries among 149 countries.

IBRD sanctions Finance of $ 250 million for SANKALP project   

A Financing Agreement for IBRD loan of USD 250 million for the “Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) Project” was signed with the World Bank. The Objective of the project is to enhance institutional mechanisms for skills development and increase access to quality and market-relevant training for the workforce. The closing date for the project is 31st March 2023.         
  • IBRD is the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.  
  • The President of World Bank is Jim Yong Kim and its Headquarters is in Washington DC, USA.

Submarine Kalvari inducted into the Indian Navy 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi commissioned India's first modern conventional submarine, INS Kalvari, into Navy's fleet in Mumbai, a first in almost two decades. Kalvari is the first of the six Scorpene-class submarines handed over by shipbuilder Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL). The Navy last inducted a conventional diesel-electric submarine, INS Sindhushastra, procured from Russia in July 2000.

Financial Express Banking Awards 2017- SBI wins Best Nationalised Bank award 

The following Banks won the respective awards in the various categories in the Financial Express Banking Awards 2017:           
1) Best Nationalised Bank – State Bank of India     
2) Best Old Generation Private Sector Bank – City Union Bank    
3) Best New Generation Private Sector Bank – HDFC Bank         
4) Banker of the Year – Arundhathi Bhattacharya
5) Lifetime Achievement – Uday Kotak      
6) Best NBFC – Ujjivan Financial Services  
7) Special Initiative Award – Shriram Transport Finance 
8) Best Mobile Banking App – ICICI Bank  
9) Best Savings Bank Product – Kotak Mahindra Bank

Statue of Diego Maradona unveiled in Kolkata    
On 12th December 2017, a 12 feet bronze statue of the iconic footballer Diego Maradona was unveiled by the superstar himself in Kolkata. The statue is a replica of him holding aloft the 1986 World Cup trophy and it will be installed in a park to be named after him.

South Korea bans Bitcoin       
On 13th December 2017, the Government of South Korea has informed that it was banning all its Banks from trading in cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. This comes against the background of the Bitcoin seeing new records in prices, which financial experts think as a bubble waiting to burst anytime. South Korea accounts for nearly 20% of the Global Bitcoin transactions.
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Thursday, 14 December 2017

Current Affairs - December 14, 2017

current affairs

Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

India becomes the first team to score 300 plus 100 times in ODI Cricket     

India has become the first-ever team to register 300+ totals 100 times in ODIs, after posting 392/4 against Sri Lanka in Mohali. This was also the 25th instance of India scoring 350+ in an ODI innings, second-most by a team after South Africa (26). India was driven by Captain Rohit Sharma's 208*, his third ODI double hundred which is also a record in ODIs.

ADB lowers India’s GDP forecast to 6.7 %     

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) lowered India’s GDP forecast for the current fiscal by 0.3% to 6.7%. It has also revised downward the gross domestic product (GDP) outlook for next fiscal beginning from March 2018 to 7.3% from 7.4% mainly due to rising global crude oil prices and soft growth in private sector investment.  

  • Founded on 19 December 1966 ADB has its Headquarter in Manila, Philippines.  
  • President of ADB is Takehiko Nakao.         
  • India is the largest economy in South Asia.

RBI Raises limits for investment by foreign portfolio investors   

The Reserve Bank of India increased the limits for investment by foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) for the January-March 2018 quarter by Rs 6,400 crore in Central Government Securities (G-Secs) and Rs 5,800 crore in State development loans (SDLs). With effect from January 1, 2018, the revised investment limit for FPIs in G-Secs will be Rs 2,56,400 crore against the existing limit of Rs 2,50,000 crore.

Shubhankar Sharma wins Johannesburg Open Golf Tournament           

21-year-old Indian Golfer Shubhankar Sharma claimed his maiden European Tour victory in the Joburg Open, in South Africa. He has defeated South Africa’s Erik Van Rooyen. This was a maiden European Tour win for Shubhankar Sharma. He has five victories on the professional tour of India and he now has a European Tour title to add to his list of achievements. England’s Marcus Armitage was the top British finisher in Johannesburg.

Dhammapiya elected Secretary General of International Buddhist Confederation    

Buddhist monk Dhammapiya from Tripura has been elected as the new secretary general of the International Buddhist Confederation (IBC). He was elected to the post at the second general assembly of the IBC. The IBC is a global Buddhist forum for preservation and development of heritage sites of the religion in India and other parts of the world.

India to host 3rd Annual Meeting of Board of Governors of AIIB 

India will host the 3rd Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) at Mumbai in June 2018. The Theme of the Annual Meeting, 2018 will be “Mobilizing Finance for Infrastructure: Innovation and Collaboration”. The Government of India and AIIB Secretariat signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to delineate the duties and responsibilities of major stakeholders who would be involved in organizing the aforesaid Annual Meeting.
  • AIIB is a multilateral development bank with a mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia and beyond.           
  • AIIB Headquarter- Beijing, China, Commenced operations in- January 2016.   
  • AIIB President- Mr. Jin Liqun.
Rajasthan becomes the first state in the country to offer E-Mail addresses in Hindi        

Rajasthan has become the first state in the country to launch free email addresses in Hindi (in Devanagari script) for its residents, as per the state IT department Principal Secretary Akhil Arora. The initiative aims to ensure maximum participation of people towards e-governance and that maximum facilities are available in the vernacular language. The first e-mail ID was created for CM Vasundhara Raje.

Second UN World Tourism Organisation Conference held in Muscat   

The second UN World Tourism Organization/UNESCO World Conference on Tourism and Culture was held in Muscat, Capital city of Oman. The Minister of State for Culture (Independent Charge) and Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Dr. Mahesh Sharma led the Indian delegation. The conference was focused on sustainable development, culture and tourism as a factor of peace and prosperity; tourism development and protection of cultural heritage.

NGT declares Amarnath Cave temple as silence zone      

National Green Tribunal, NGT has declared Amarnath cave shrine in south Kashmir Himalayas as a silence zone and prohibited religious offerings beyond the entry point. The NGT said that declaring the area around the shrine a silence zone would be helpful in preventing avalanches and maintaining its pristine nature. The green panel also directed the committee of experts headed by an additional secretary of the Ministry of Environment and Forests to submit an action plan on providing facilities to the pilgrims within three weeks.             
The Amarnath cave shrine is considered to be one of the holiest in Hinduism.

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