Tuesday, 23 May 2017

Daily Update On Current Affairs - May 23, 2017

current affairs
Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

Madhya Pradesh Bans Sand Excavation In Narmada River

The State Government of Madhya Pradesh has put an indefinite ban on the sand excavation in the Narmada River. This announcement has been made by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan in Bhopal. The government has also set up a committee to suggest the scientific ways of mining the rivers. This committee will submit the report to state government after exploring ways for sand excavation without harming rivers. The government will also promote manufactured sand (made by mixing stones).

Free Wi-Fi Facility Inaugurated At 28 Railway Stations

On May 21, Minister of Railways Suresh Prabhu inaugurated free Wi-Fi facility at 28 Railway Stations of Konkan Railway from Kudal Railway Station in Maharashtra. Indian Railways has tied by with SYSCON/JOISTER for providing 2 Mbps peer-to-peer 24 hrs Free Wi-Fi bandwidth at 28 railway stations of Konkan Railway. In line with Government’s Digital India initiative, SYSCON/JOISTER are providing the JOISPOT brand Wi-Fi in Pune and Mumbai educational institutions in Maharashtra state. The company has now undertaken as a part of their CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) activity of providing free Wi-Fi to the rural area on the Konkan Route. The 28 stations include Kolad; Mangaon; Veer; Karanjadi; Vinhere; Diwankhavati; Khed; Anjani; Chiplun; Kamthe; Sawarda; Aravali Road; Sangameshwar; Ukshi; Bhoke; Ratnagiri; Nivasar; Adavali; Vilavade; Rajapur Road; Vaibhavwadi Road; Nandgaon Road; Kankavali; Sindhudurg; Kudal; Zarap; Sawantwadi Road and Madure⁠⁠⁠⁠. The free Wi-Fi facility would help the travelers, commuters, and tourists access essential information while waiting for trains on railway stations.

NASA Names New Species After Abdul Kalam

NASA has named a new bacteria discovered on the filters of the International Space Station, ISS, as Solibacillus kalamii to honour the late president Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam.  The genus is Solibacillus and the species name is kalamii. Researchers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory has found that the bacteria remained on board the International Space Station for 40 months. The new organism is found only on the ISS and has not been found anywhere on the earth. In 1963, Dr. Kalam had his early training at NASA before setting up India’s first rocket launching facility at Thumba in Kerala.

Air India To Auction Its Properties As Part Of Asset Monetisation Plan

Air India has decided to auction seven of its properties, as a part of its asset monetisation plan. The national carrier has mandated the auctioneer MSTC to put these properties under the hammer. According to the auction notice, Air India proposes to sell its exclusive properties in the form of land parcels/built-up flats located at prime location in Mumbai, Bengaluru, and Trivandrum. This sale is likely to raise around 80 crore rupees. As per the financial restructuring plan approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs back in 2012, Air India is required to monetise its assets and generate 5,000 crore rupees by way of sale, leasing or developing an asset as a joint venture.

RBI To Reconstitute Oversight Committee To Deal With Bad Loans

The RBI has decided to reconstitute the oversight committee, OC, with more members after the government armed it with additional powers to resolve bad loans with banks that have crossed Rs 8 lakh crore. In a statement in Mumbai yesterday, the RBI said, while the current members will continue in the reconstituted OC, names of a few more will be announced soon. It said the apex bank would also be constituted a Committee comprised the majority of its independent Board Members to advise it in the Non-Performing Asset matter. The statement said RBI already sought information on the current status of the largely stressed assets from the banks. The RBI further said it has also envisaged an important role for the credit rating agencies in resolving the issue. Sources said the RBI has identified about 50 major cases for NPA resolution.

22 May: World Biological Diversity Day

Every year, May 22 is observed as International Day for Biodiversity or World Biodiversity Day. This date commemorates the date of Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity at UNEP Headquarters, Nairobi on 22 May 1992. In 2000, UN General Assembly via resolution 55/201 decided to celebrate World Biodiversity Day on May 22 instead of December 29, which was previously designated as International Biodiversity Day. The theme for 2017 for World Biodiversity Day is “Biodiversity and Sustainable Tourism”. The theme is in sync with the observance of 2017 as “International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development” as proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly. UN has already declared 2011-20 as United Nations Decade on Biodiversity to support and promote reducing the loss of biodiversity.

Fact Box: Federation Cup And Other Football Tournaments & Leagues In India

On 21st May 2017, the Bengaluru FC defeated Mohun Bagan 2-0 to win the Federation Cup. The final event was held at Barabati Stadium in Cuttack, Odisha. Federation Cup is India’s first major football competition involving the clubs. It was established by the All India Football Federation in 1977. During the 1980s and 1990s, it was considered to be most popular football tournament in India. The other popular football tournaments of India include Durand Cup, Santosh Trophy, Indian Super League, Subroto Cup, IFA Shield etc.

Durand Cup
Durand Cup is India’s oldest football tournament and is among the oldest in the world. It is named after its founder Sir Mortimer Durand, who served as Foreign Secretary in charge of India from 1884 to 1894. The first Durand Cup tournament was held in 1888. In the beginning, it was an Army cup for the British Indian Army troops. Over the years, it opened up for civilian teams. In 2006, the army passed its administration to civilians’ organizations called Durand Football Tournament Society (DFTS) and Asians. The latest Durand Cup Tournament was held in 2016 and current champion is Army Green.

IFA Shield
IFA Shield is second oldest football competition in India organized by Indian Football Association and in existence since 1893.  Since 2015, IFA Shield has been designed as an under-19 youth football tournament. Its current sponsor is LG and the latest competition was held in 2016, won by Tata Football Academy.

Subroto Cup
Subroto Cup Football Tournament is an inter-school football tournament named after Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee. It was started in 1960. More than 50 school teams participate in this competition including schools from Nepal and Afghanistan. It is conducted by the Indian Air Force, with support from India’s Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports. The Madhyamgram High School, in West Bengal us known for winning this tournament for seven times.

Santosh Trophy
Santosh Trophy started in 1941, is an annual Indian football tournament played by states and government institutions. It is named after Maharaja Sir Manmatha Nath Roy Chowdhary of Santosh, who served as President of the IFA. The first winners were Bengal. West Bengal has been the most successful team in the tournament and also the current champion with its 32nd title in hand.

Indian Super League
Indian Super League (ISL) [Officially Hero ISL] is a men’s professional football league. It was founded in 2013 and is based on franchise model on the lines of IPL. Currently, there are eight teams in ISL viz. Atlético de Kolkata; Chennaiyin FC; Delhi Dynamos; Goa; Kerala Blasters; Mumbai City; North East United and Pune City. So far three seasons have held of which two have been won by Atlético de Kolkata (2014 & 2016) while one season was won by Chennaiyin FC (2015).

I-League (officially Hero I-League) is another professional league in football in India. It was launched in 2007 as ONGC I-League and as a successor of National Football League. So far, nine sessions have been conducted of this league. It is contested by 10 football clubs and considered to be the primary competition in Indian football. The 10 clubs are Aizawl, Bengaluru FC, Chennai City, Churchill Brothers, DSK Shivajians, East Bengal, Minerva Punjab, Mohun Bagan, Mumbai and Shillong Lajong.

India Wins All 10 Gold Medals At South Asian Junior Table Tennis Championships

The South Asian Junior Table Tennis championship was held in Mount Lavinia, near Colombia in Sri Lanka. In a stunning performance, the paddlers from India have won all the 10 Gold Medals on offer in this tournament. Apart from 10 gold medals, the Indian participants have also won 14 medals, thus taking the medal tally to 14. In this championship, top-seeded Manav Thakkar won Junior Boys final; while Archana Girish Kamath won Junior Girls final.  In Cadet Boys final, top-seed H. Jeho won the Gold Medal. India led the championship with eight points, followed by Sri Lanka (six points).

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Monday, 22 May 2017

Daily Update On Current Affairs - May 22, 2017

current affairs
Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

High-Speed Tejas Express To Be Flagged Off On 22nd May

The high-speed, air-conditioned Tejas Express will be flagged off on 22nd May from Mumbai to Goa. Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu will flag off the premium luxury train through video conferencing. Having ultra-modern amenities like LED TV, wi-fi and CCTV, Tejas Express is a state of the art train capable of running at 200 kms per hour. However, due to constraints related to rail tracks, it will run at a speed of 160 kms per hour. The train will operate five days a week during the non-monsoon period, and three days a week during the monsoon period.

GST Implementation Won't Jeopardise Mumbai Security: Maharashtra Finance Minister

The Maharashtra government has sought to discard fears that the GST roll-out would undermine Mumbai's security because the vehicles entering the city will not have to stop and face checks at borders after the abolition of octroi tax. Maharashtra Finance Minister Sudhir Mungantiwar stated that the vehicles entering the city will still be under watch and the government would take new steps to beef up the security. The minister was speaking during a discussion in the Lower House on Sunday on the second day of the three-day special session convened to pave way for the country-wide implementation of the GST from July 1. Mungantiwar said that the government will pay special attention to Mumbai's security. He added that new measures to boost the city's security will be undertaken. Leader of opposition in assembly Radhakrishna Vikhe Patil said the government should tread carefully while implementing the GST.

Anshu Jamsenpa Conquers Mount Everest Twice Within Five Days: A Record

Anshu Jamsenpa from Arunachal Pradesh has created history by becoming the first woman to conquer Mount Everest twice within five days. She along with Nepalese climber Furi Sherpa, scaled the Everest at 8 am on 21st May 2017.  Anshu also stood atop of the world’s highest mountain on Tuesday. Anshu also becomes the first Indian women to reach Mt Everest for the fifth time. She successfully climbed Mt Everest twice in  2011 and later in 2013. India’s Dhankude Kishor Dattatraya, Brij Mohan Sharma and Ravi Kumar also successfully conquered Mt. Everest on Saturday. But Ravi Kumar is missing after he was descending to lower camps. Rescue and search efforts are on. Meanwhile, an American and  Australian climber died today while they were trying to scale the roof of the world.

Inflation To Fall By 2% After Possible Initial Rise Following Implementation Of GST: Govt

Revenue Secretary Hasmukh Adhia has said, Inflation will fall by two percent on the implementation of the goods and services tax, GST, and will create buoyancy in the economy. In an interview to PTI, he said the all-powerful GST Council will meet next week to decide on tax rates of contentious items like gold, bidi and biscuits, just in time for its rollout from July 1. Mr Adhia also expressed confidence that the requirement of compensation to make up for revenue loss of any state will be fulfilled from cess on demerit and luxury goods like car and tobacco. With the stage set for the biggest overhaul of India's tax system since Independence, the government will launch a massive awareness campaign to educate consumers about GST so that they are not fleeced by traders in the name of new tax. The Council over the two days last week assigned tax rates to more than 500 services and 1,200 goods by setting them in five broad rates of 5, 12, 18 and 28 percent. GST will be a single nation-wide sales tax replacing a string of central and state levies.

India's Export Sector Performs Well Despite Global Slowdown: Nirmala Sitharaman

Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has said, India's export sector has performed well despite the global slowdown. Addressing a press conference in New Delhi on key initiatives taken by her Ministry during the last three years, Ms Sitharaman said, notwithstanding global headwinds, exports have shone in last 6 months. Ms Sitharaman said, number of mandatory documents required for exports and imports have been reduced to three each. The Minister said, forms related to imports and exports have also been simplified. The Minister said, Government e-Marketplace is a remarkable step towards fighting corruption and ensuring transparency in Government transaction. She said, there is an increase in exports from the special economic zone in the last three years. Exports were valued at 5.23 lakh crore rupees in 2016-17. 

UNSC To Hold Meeting On 23rd May In Response To North Korea's Missile Test

The United Nations Security Council will hold an emergency meeting on 23rd May in response to yesterday’s ballistic missile test by North Korea. Uruguay's mission to the UN said, the meeting was requested by the United States, South Korea and Japan. South Korean military said, the missile was fired from South Pyeongan province and flew about 500 kms before landing in the Sea of Japan. It was Pyongyang's second missile test in a week and 10th this year. North Korea had termed the launch of its medium-range ballistic missile as successful.

Euro Zone, IMF To Seek Compromise On Greek Debt Deal On 22nd May

Eurozone Finance Ministers and the International Monetary Fund will seek a deal today on Greek debt relief. Without the deal, no new loans can be disbursed to Athens, even though the bailout is now handled only by euro zone governments. Greece needs new credit to repay some 7.3 billion euros worth of maturing loans in July. Greece has agreed after months of negotiations, with the euro zone lenders and the IMF on pensions and tax reforms.

Swiss People Vote For Renewable Energy Against Nuclear Power

In Switzerland, voters have supported a referendum to withdraw the country from nuclear power in favour of renewable energy. Today's referendum shows 58 percent of voters in favor and 42 percent against the proposal. The Swiss government wants to ban the construction of new nuclear power plants and decommission the country's five existing ones at the end of their technically safe operating lives. The plan would also boost renewable energies such as solar and wind and make cars and electronic devices more energy efficient.

Mumbai Indians Win IPL Title For Third Time

In Cricket, Mumbai Indians lifted the Indian Premier League trophy for the third time, as they recorded a scintillating 1-run win against Rising Pune Supergiant in the title clash at Hyderabad last night. Opting to bat, Mumbai had posted a modest 129 for 8, with Krunal Pandya top scoring with 47. In reply, Pune got off to a decent start and were 71 for 2 in 12 overs. They needed 11 runs from the last over with 7 wickets in hand, before Mumbai paceman Mitchell Johnson took the wickets of Manoj Tiwary and Steven Smith on successive deliveries.  Pune, then, needed 4 runs from the final ball. But, their hopes of winning the IPL title in the maiden Final appearance were dashed to the ground as Daniel Christian was run out and Mumbai won the match by 1 run. Johnson finished with 3 wickets.

Bengaluru FC Wins 38th Federation Cup Football Tournament

Bengaluru FC has won the Federation Cup Football tournament. In the Final played at Cuttack last night, they defeated defending champions and 14-time winners Mohun Bagan, 2-nil. The match went into extra time after neither of the teams could break the deadlock in 90 minutes. India international CK Vineeth, then, scored twice for Bengaluru in extra time helping them to win the tournament for just the second time. With the win, Bengaluru also sealed a berth for next year’s Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Cup. It also became the eighth team to have won more than one Federation Cup title.
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Daily Update On Current Affairs - May 21, 2017

current affairs
Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

Indian Boy Wins Intel International Science Award in US

Prashant Ranganathan has emerged the winner in the world’s largest pre-college science competition in the environment engineering category for his work on biodegradation of pesticides. Prashant is among the 20 high schools' students from various parts of the country who participated in the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair held in the US. More than 1700 students across the world had participated in the event. Prashant Ranganathan is a student of Carmel Junior College in Jamshedpur. His project titled ‘Biodegradation of Chlorpyrifos using native bacteria’ is aimed at helping farmers to biodegrade the harmful pesticides. In all, four Indian-Americans received top awards in various categories. Indian American Pratik Naidu has won an award in the category of computational biology and bioinformatics. Other Indian-American winners include Adam Nayak who has won in the Earth and environmental sciences, Karthik Yegnesh in mathematics and Rahul Subramaniam in the microbiology category.

Cabinet To Soon Take A Call On FIPB Abolition

Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman today said that the Union Cabinet will soon take a call on the winding up of 25-year-old Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB). The minister said this in a media briefing in New Delhi on initiatives and achievements of the ministry in the last three years. On the development of the North Eastern states, Ms Nirmala Sitharaman said that her ministry is working on a new policy for the industrial development of the region. The North East Industrial and Investment Promotion Policy - 2007 has ended this year. She added that the ministry is holding consultations with those states to understand their industrial priorities with an aim to firm up something which can help in the promotion of industry and employment generation there.

Defence Acquisition Council Finalises Broad Outline Of Policy To Engage Private Sector In Manufacturing Of Hi-Tech Equipment

Defence Acquisition Council, under the chairmanship of Defence Minister Arun Jaitley, today finalised broad contours of policy to engage the country's private sector in the manufacturing of high-tech defence equipment in India. The policy outline aims at developing defence industrial eco-system in the country through the involvement of major Indian corporates as well as Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. It envisages the establishment of long-term strategic partnerships with qualified Indian industry majors through a transparent and competitive process. The policy will give a boost to the 'Make in India' policy in the Defence sector and help Indian industry. Initially, the policy is expected to be implemented in a few selected segments. These are fighter aircraft, submarines and armoured vehicles.

Hassan Rouhani Wins Iran’s Presidential Election

Hassan Rouhani has been re-elected as the President of Iran. He was elected as president for his first term in 2013. He won 2013 elections by pledging to end Iran’s isolation and improve civil rights at home. Rouhani was born in Semnan province on November 12, 1948. He is a graduate of the University of Tehran and did his PhD from Scotland’s Glasgow Caledonian University. The 68-year-old Rouhani is a lawyer, academic, and a former diplomat. Rouhani has won his second term by presenting himself as the candidate of change and social freedoms that ended many sanctions and a 13-year standoff over Iran’s nuclear programme. He has held various key positions in the key defence portfolios during the 1980 -88 Iran-Iraq war. He had spent 16 years as secretary of the Supreme National Security Council, which is Iran’s top security post. Rouhani consistently worked to rebuild Irans’ relations with the West. He also became the first Iranian leader to speak with the President of United States when Barack Obama phoned in September 2013.

US President And Saudi Arabia King Sign Defense Deals

US President Donald Trump and King Salman of Saudi Arabia have signed today 110 billion dollar defense deals to support the long-term security of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf region in the face of the Iranian influence and Iran-related threats. A White House statement said that this package demonstrates the commitment of the United States to Saudi Arabia while bolstering the Kingdom’s ability to provide for its own security and continue contributing to counterterrorism operations across the region, reducing the burden on U.S. military forces. The Press Statement also said that the President’s meetings underscored the deep and longstanding commitment of the United States to the security, stability, and prosperity of Saudi Arabia and demonstrated the President’s confidence in the future of US-Saudi relations. He also emphasized the importance of working jointly to address challenges to regional peace and security, including defeating ISIS and al-Qaeda, countering Iran’s destabilizing activities, and resolving conflicts in Yemen and Syria.

GST Council Finalises 4-Slab Service Tax Structure

The GST Council headed by finance Minister Arun Jaitley has finalised a 4-slab service tax structure at the rates of 5, 12, 18 and 28 percent as against the single rate of 15% levied on all taxable services. GST regime is scheduled to be implemented from July 1. In the next GST Council meeting, tax rates on gold and other precious metals will be taken up for discussion.

Salient Highlights Luxury hotels, gambling, race club betting and cinema services will attract a tax rate of 28%. Education, healthcare and non-AC rail travel will remain exempted from the GST tax regime. However, the states will be given the option to levy additional taxes on cinema to compensate for the revenue losses entailed due to the merging of entertainment tax with GST. At present, the total tax incidence on cinema including entertainment and service tax is in the range of 55%. The states need to use the legislative route if it wants to levy an additional tax on cinema. States will also be permitted to levy any new tax as the taxation powers of the states have only been restricted and not abolished after the rollout of GST. Telecom and financial services will be taxed at a rate of 18%. Transport services will be taxed at the rate of 5%. Cab aggregators like Ola and Uber will have to pay 5% under GST in place of 6%. AC rail travel will attract 5% tax. Economy class air travel will attract 5 % GST while business class will attract 12%. Travelling on metro, local train and religious travel such as Haj Yatra would be exempted from GST. The e-commerce players like Flipkart and Snapdeal would be required to shell out 1% Tax Collected at Source (TCS). Non-AC restaurants and AC restaurants will attract a GST of 12% and 18% respectively. Advertisements published in newspapers will attract 5% GST. At present, it is exempt from service tax. 

Climate Change: Antarctica Is Turning Green

According to a new study conducted by a team of scientists from the University of Exeter in the UK, plant life on Antarctica is growing rapidly due to climate change. The scientists have observed a sharp increase in biological activity in Antarctica in the last 50 years. For ascertaining the growth, the scientists conducted tests at five cores from three sites and has observed the occurrence of major biological changes across the Antarctic Peninsula. The scientists made use of 150 years’ worth of data to arrive at the conclusion. The study has been published in the journal Current Biology. According to the scientists, Antarctica will be much greener in the future and the continent’s plants and soils will change substantially even with only modest further warming. The continuous retreat of glaciers will make Antarctica much greener in the future. As per the study, the growth of moss in the continent is a signifier that the region is already undergoing change. At present, the plant life exists only in 0.3% of Antarctica. With an increase in land cover, occurs a decrease in snow and ice cover. The thinner ice cover permits the penetration of sunlight into the previously dark areas allowing the planktons to grow. This would bring ecosystem shift to Antarctica similar to what has happened in Arctic.

World Cup Archery: Indian Men’s Team Wins Compound Gold

The Indian Men’s compound archery team has managed to win gold after defeating Columbia 226-221 in the archery World Cup stage 1 championships held in Shanghai, China. Indian archery team were represented by Abhishek Verma, Chinna Raju Srither and Amanjeet Singh. The Colombian team comprised Camilo Andres Cardona, Jose Carlos Ospina and Daniel Munoz. India beat USA in the semifinal and edged out Iran in the quarterfinals. The team also defeated Vietnam in the first round. The women’s team, however, failed to shine in the event. In the Women’s event, South Korea, Denmark and Russia emerged as winners in that order.

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Saturday, 20 May 2017

Is Posting Profile On Job Portals In India Sufficient For Freshers?

Job Portals In India
With unsuccessful campus recruitments, freshers are forced to look at other sources for getting placed. Their first instinct is to create profiles on all major Job Portals in India like Naukri, Monster, etc. But here the big question - Is that enough?

The answer is a simple 'No'.

In this competitive world, it would never be enough to limit your job search to just job portals in India. Let us take a quick look at a few other options.

  1. Job Fairs
    Job Fair is a unique model which allows job seekers to meet, interact and interview with several top employers under one roof. If the right steps are taken, you could land a job by the end of the day, however, owing to the mass approach angle of a job fair, job seeking and recruiting, freshers may find it difficult to make the cut. While some may find the environment loud and crowded making it a challenge to communicate, ask questions or even fill out an application, others may not want to put themselves through the aggressive job fair networking approach and the grueling long hours that will be required of them.
  2. LinkedInLinkedIn is a networking platform for professionals. It's a great space for one to establish virtual rapport if they reach out to the right people. However, identifying the decision makers and approaching them may not be easy. You need to, firstly, have a brilliant profile in place to back up your skills, qualifications, and experience and to be able to make an impression.

    Explore the various options available on LinkedIn to find jobs.

    a) LinkedIn's Job Search Portal: The job portal allows you to filter jobs through keywords, companies, titles, location, and industry.
    b) Update Feed: You'll find recruiters, hiring managers and HRs posting vacancies in their companies with a link to the description of the role to be filled on their update feeds.
    c) Groups: Once you are a member of a group, the jobs menu within each group opens you up to both job listings and job discussions.
    d) Company Pages: The company pages, on the other hand, has a listing of open jobs at the company or a link to the company's employment portal on its website where all the open positions are listed.
  3. Social Media
    Social media platform such as Facebook, Twitter etc., offers cost effective job hunting means. Let everybody know that you are looking for a job. It's all about marketing yourself and taking advantage of the online tools. Restructure your profile and customize it to the job you seek and consistently engage to stand out.
  4. Recruitment Agencies
    Recruitment agencies are also a good source to support your job search. Specialist consultancies often have a good knowledge of the industries and provide tips that might boost your application process. As they are well connected, your resume can be distributed to a range of employers. They help prepare your resume, apply for relevant jobs suited to your job profile and get you set for the interviews. But ensure you don't solely rely on them. 

Having addressed the fact that posting profiles on job portals in India alone is not sufficient, lets also recognize the necessity of job portals and address few key questions on the same.

Why Are Job Portals Important? 

  1. Popular and widely used tool by companies and recruiters
  2. It provides you the ease to submit and edit your resumes and apply for specific jobs
  3. Easy data collection and storage feature - helps in completing tasks comfortably and quickly
  4. No fee

What does it take to get noticed on Job Portals?

  1. Change how you think and act differently so you get hired faster.
  2. Have the right keywords on your resume as per the target industry.

What should a fresher do AFTER posting his/her resume on Job Portals?

  1. Update your resume regularly to match the changing demands of the industry.
  2. Contact the companies to check if they received your resume especially to negate the option of it getting directed to a spam folder.
  3. If you have the opportunity to speak to someone from the company, ask for more details regarding the screening process and move forward accordingly.
  4. Know the best method to reach the employer whether via regular mail, e-mail, or a phone call. Follow up with a compelling cover letter with new information that adds to your candidacy or a polite e-mail reiterating your strong interest in the job.
  5. Explore other options and don't limit yourself to only one or two options to apply for a job.
Well, now that you know how to apply for jobs apart from just submitting your resume on job portals, make sure that you are job-ready.

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What is Algebra with the list of Important Algebra Formulas for SSC CGL Exam

In this post, we will discuss one of the fundamental topics of mathematics - Algebra with a list of Algebra Formulas which will help you to solve algebra problems
Algebra Formulas
Algebra is one of the basic fundamental topics of Mathematics which makes its way in SSC CGL Exam. Algebra problems can’t be ignored from any competitive exams point of view. Algebra problems, though they appear to be complicated, can be simply solved using algebra formulas in seconds. In this post, we will discuss what is algebra and the list of algebra formulas that will help us solve algebra problems in less time.

What is Algebra?

Algebra is a branch of mathematics that deals with equations, utilising letters and other symbols to represent a specific set of numbers, values, vectors, etc., in the description of relations.

Different terms used in Algebra

Variables - When a value or a parameter is unknown then a variable represents the unknown value.
Example: x, y, a, b, $, © etc.

Term – A term can be a single variable or combination of terms.
Example: x, 4, 7y, 3x2 etc.

Expression: An expression is the combination of terms.
Example: 3x2 + 4x + 9, 4x3 – 2x2 + 3x + 2 etc
Equation: An equation has ‘=” sign and it always has a solution to the expression.
Example: x + 1 = 4

Basis of Classification
Algebraic expressions can be classified based on the following:

1. Number of Terms:
An expression can be differentiated on the number of terms it includes.

Monomial- An expression having a single term is called as a monomial.
Example: 5x2y

Binomial – An expression having two terms is called as binomial.
Example: 5x2y + 2xy

Polynomial – An expression having more than two terms is called as a polynomial.
Example: 5x2y + 2xy + 3x + xy

2. Degree of the Expression
A degree is defined as the highest or maximum sum of the powers of all the variables in any term of the expression.

Linear Equation - An expression which has a degree of 1 is called a linear Equation.

Quadratic Equation - An expression which has a degree of 2 is called a Quadratic Equation.

Cubic Equation - An expression which has a degree of 3 is called a Cubic Equation.

Operation on Algebraic Equations

I. Addition 
Question: What is the Sum of 3x2 + 5x + 2 and 2x + 1?
Step 1:
Collect different groups of like terms.
3x2, 5x and 2x, 2 and 1

Step 2:
Find the sum of like terms
3x² = 3x²
5x + 2x = 7x
2 + 1 = 3

Step 3: Write the final term after addition
3x² + 7x + 3

II. Subtraction
Question: What is the difference between 3x² + 5x + 2 and 2x + 1?
Step 1:
Collect different groups of like terms.
3x², 5x and 2x, 2 and 1

Step 2:
Find the difference between of like terms
3x² = 3x²
5x - 2x = 3x
2 - 1 = 1

Step 3: Write the final term after addition-
3x2 + 3x + 3

III. Multiplication
Question: What is the product of 3x² + 5x + 2 and 2x + 1?
Step 1:
Find the product by using the rule the product of two factors with like the sign is positive and the products of two factors with, unlike terms.
Algebra Formulas
And using the surds rule, if y is a variable and m, n are positive integer then,
Algebra Formulas
Now by multiplying the two expressions we get,
(3x² + 5x + 2) (2x + 1) = 3x³ + 3x² + 10x² + 5x + 4x + 2

Step 2:
Add the like terms together
3x³ + 3x² + 10x² + 5x + 4x + 2
= 3x³ + 13x² + 9x + 2
Algebra Formulas
Remainder Theorem
Let f(x) be a polynomial of a degree ≥ 1, and α be any real number, if f(x) is divisible by (x – α), then the remainder is equal to f(α)
Algebra Formulas
Factor Theorem
Let F(x) be a polynomial of a degree ≥ 1, and α be any real number, if F(x) = 0, then  (x-α),is a factor of F(x), then F(x) = 0.

Example: F(x) = x² - 3x - 4 ( ɑ = 4)
F(4) = 4² - 3 x 4 - 4 
F(4) = 16 - 12 - 4
f(4) = 0 
Therfore, (x - 4) is the factore of F(x) = x² - 3x - 4.

Methods of Simplification based on fraction 

When we have two fractions in proportion, we represent them in
Algebra Formulas
The operations that can be performed on these fractions are

Algebra Formulas
Algebra Formulas
Algebra Formulas
Algebra Formulas
Algebra Formulas
List of Algebra Formulas that will help you solve Algebra Problems
Algebra Formulas
Algebra Formulas
Algebra Formulas
Algebra Formulas
Algebra Formulas

Do write down in the comment section how this list of algebra formulas helped you to solve algebra problems. 

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 Algebra Formulas
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