Sunday, 25 June 2017

Daily Update On Current Affairs - June 24, 2017

current affairs
Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

POSOCO-IMD Weather Portal & Web Portal ‘MERIT’ Launched

Union Minister of State for Power, Coal, New & Renewable Energy and Mines Piyush Goyal has launched Weather Portal for Power Sector & Web Portal ‘MERIT’ (Merit Order Despatch of Electricity for Rejuvenation of Income and Transparency). The weather portal has been developed in association with POSOCO and IMD. The portal will have information regarding weather forecast to the state Discoms. The weather variations have an impact on load demand, energy production, transport and distribution management, as well as on energy prices. Extreme events associated with weather like heat waves or cold waves, windstorms or floods can have adverse impacts on the production and can inflict physical damage to the infrastructure. Hence, the portal aims to provide weather related information and help states to take pro-active steps regarding management and plan for infrastructure availability as well as to ensure cost effective and reliable supply.

NITI Aayog Selects CCMB As Incubation Centre For Biotech Start-Ups

NITI-Aayog has chosen the CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in Hyderabad for hosting the ₹10-crore Atal Incubation Centre for biotechnology start-ups. The centre will identify promising start-ups and create facilities for them to succeed in the field of biotechnology. The CCMB is one of the 10 organisations that have been identified to host the ‘Atal Incubation Centre’.

Nisha Dutt Bags Social Entrepreneur Of The Year Award


Nisha Dutt, Chief Executive Officer of Intellecap has become the first Indian woman leader to have been honoured with the “Social Entrepreneur of the Year” award at The 7th Asian Awards in London. Nisha Dutt has been honoured in recognition of her work in making Intellecap a globally known enterprise that focuses on social capital. Her key contribution lies in integrating technology with challenges of healthcare, financial services, incubation and conceptualising programs such as Innovations Labs.

Government Launches VAJRA Scheme

Department of Science and Technology has launched  VAJRA (Visiting Advanced Joint Research) Faculty scheme that enables NRIs and overseas scientific community to participate and contribute to research and development in India. On 8th January 2017, during the 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Convention, Prime Minister had announced that a new scheme called VAJRA (Visiting Advanced Joint Research) Faculty scheme would be launched by the Department of Science and Technology.

Government Announces 30 New Smart Cities

Union Minister for Urban Development and Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, M. Venkaiah Naidu has announced a new batch of 30 smart cities under Smart City Mission, which was launched on June 25, 2015. The newly selected cities include Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala,  Naya Raipur in Chhattisgarh, Rajkot in Gujarat, Amravati in Andhra Pradesh, Patna in Bihar, Karimnagar in Telangana, Muzaffarpur in Bihar, Puducherry, Gandhinagar in Gujarat, Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir, Sagar in Madhya Pradesh, Karnal in Haryana, Satna in Madhya Pradesh, Bengaluru in Karnataka, Shimla in Himachal Pradesh, Dehradun in Uttarakhand, Tirupur in Tamil Nadu, Pimpri Chinchwad in Maharashtra, Bilaspur in Chhattisgarh, Pasighat in Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu in Jammu & Kashmir, Dahod in Gujarat, Tirunelveli, Thootukkudi and Tiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu, Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh, Aizawl in Mizoram, Allahabad and Aligarh in U.P. and Gangtok in Sikkim. With the addition of these 30 smart cities, the total cities picked up under the Smart City Mission has reached 90.

West Bengal Wins Prestigious UN Public Service Award


The West Bengal government is among the winners to receive the prestigious UN Public Service Award today for its initiative to combat child marriage and ensure education to the girl child in the state. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee received the 2017 UN Public Service Award at a ceremony held in The Hague, Netherlands on behalf of her government for the 'Kanyashree Prakalpa' initiative that seeks to reduce the high child marriage rates and low female education rates in the state.

US Approves Sale Of UAV Technology To India

The United States has cleared the sale of the state-of-the-art Guardian 22 unmanned Guardian drones to India. The deal to sell UAV drones to India is estimated to be worth $2 to $3 billion. Though the deal has been approved by the State Department, an official announcement regarding the deal is yet to be announced. The transfer of the state-of-the-art UAV technology to India will be the first significant progress after India’s entry into the exclusive Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and after the US has designated India as a major defence partner. India became the 35th full member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) in June 2016.

India, Russia Agree To Roadmap For Development Of Defence Co-Operation

India and Russia have agreed to a roadmap for the development of bilateral defence cooperation. The roadmap includes specific activities to be concluded by both sides and aims to enhance cooperation in the field of political and military dialogue, exercises, exchange of visits, military cooperation and training of military personnel. The agreement was reached at the 17th meeting of the India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation held in Moscow on the 22nd June 2017. The meeting took place was held under the Co-Chairmanship of the Defence Minister Arun Jaitley and the Defence Minister of Russia Sergei Shoigu. A Defence Ministry Press release issued in New Delhi said Mr. Jaitley conveyed the utmost importance of having a robust and reliable after-sale support mechanism for serviceability of Russian origin equipment and new opportunities for Russian companies in defence manufacturing sector, as part of the 'Make in India' programme. Both sides also agreed to conclude various on-going negotiations for different platforms, as well as restructure the Inter-governmental Commission to enhance military to military cooperation. India's military-technical cooperation with Russia is one of the key pillars of its relations with Russia.

Gulf Countries Set Out Conditions For Qatar To Comply

Qatar is reviewing the 13-point list of demands of four Arab countries and a formal response would be made by the foreign ministry and delivered to Kuwait. A Qatari official spokesman, however, said the demands were not reasonable or actionable. Kuwait is helping mediate the dispute. The demand by four Arab States, Bahrain, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates asked Qatar to reduce tie with Iran and close a Turkish military base and shut down its broadcaster, Al Jazeera. According to the list, Qatar must refuse to naturalize citizens from the four countries and revoke Qatari citizenship for existing nationals where such citizenship violates those countries' laws.

RBI Amends Banking Ombudsman Scheme


The central bank has extended the scope of Banking Ombudsman Scheme. The Reserve bank said that under the amended scheme, a customer would also be able to lodge a complaint against the bank for its non-adherence to RBI instructions with regard to mobile banking/ electronic banking services in India. As per the amendment, the pecuniary jurisdiction of the Banking Ombudsman to pass an award has been doubled to 20 lakh rupees. The Reserve Bank has extended the scope of Banking Ombudsman Scheme under which banks could be penalised for misselling third-party products like insurance and mutual funds via mobile or electronic banking. Banking Ombudsman is a quasi-judicial authority functioning under the Banking Ombudsman Scheme, 2006. The authority was created to enable resolution of complaints of customers of banks relating to services rendered by the lenders.

Banks To Step Up Action Against Big Defaulters

Following a series of meetings of top bankers over the last one week on the 12 large stressed assets that the central bank wanted them to tackle under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), the stage is now set for lenders to approach the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) to kickstart the proceedings under the Code. The 12 large assets collectively account for about 25 percent (or about ₹2 lakh crore) of the current gross NPAs in the banking system. The assets that the banks will try to expeditiously resolve under the IBC include Bhushan Steel, Essar Steel, Electrosteel Steels, Monnet Ispat, Amtek Auto, Alok Industries, and Lanco Infratech. The IBC was enacted last year with the objective of expediting resolution of stressed assets and streamlining the process of liquidating a business.

Mutual Funds Investment In Bank Stocks Hits All-Time High Of Rs. 1.44 Lakh Cr In May

Mutual fund managers continued to be bullish on bank shares, with their allocation to the sector reaching an all-time high of over Rs. 1.44 lakh crore at the end of May, mainly due to cheaper valuations. In comparison, the figure was Rs. 90,014 crore at the end of May 2016. Banking continues to be the most preferred sector with the fund managers as they cannot afford to take a bearish call on banking stocks, given the high weightage attached to the index. “MFs have been adding exposure to the financial sector, especially banking stocks because of lower valuations due to price corrections and growth in corporate lending. Besides, banks' NPA (non-performing asset) problem is getting sorted out,” said Kaustubh Belapurkar, Director Manager Research, Morningstar Investment Adviser.

NASA Launches World’s Lightest Satellite Designed By Indian Student

NASA has launched world’s lightest satellite weighing only 64 grams designed by 18-year-old boy Rifath Sharook from Tamil Nadu. The tiny satellite has been named as KalamSat after the former President APJ Abdul Kalam. The tiny satellite was launched into space on a sounding rocket from NASA’s facility in Wallops Island.  KalamSat is a 3-D printed satellite. This is the first time that 3-D printing technology is used to make satellites.

India's Earth Observation Satellite Cartosat-2 Series Along With 30 Nano Satellites Successfully Launched Aboard PSLV

Indian Space Research Organisation, ISRO today successfully launched rocket PSLV C-38 carrying earth observation satellite Cartosat-2 Series and 30 other nano-satellites into their orbits. The highly reliable Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle lifted off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikotta at 9.29 am. It put the main payload in a 505-km orbit within 16 minutes 43 seconds after its launch. This was the 40th flight of PSLV. Of the 30 nano-satellites, 29 are from 14 different countries including France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Britain and the United States. The other is a domestic payload of a private educational institution. Cartosat-2 series satellite provides spot-specific pictures in high resolution. Our correspondent reports that ISRO chairman AS Kiran Kumar congratulated the scientists after the mission was declared a success.

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Friday, 23 June 2017

Daily Update On Current Affairs - June 23, 2017

current affairs
Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

Former Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar To Be Opposition's Nominee For Presidential Elections


Former Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar will be the Opposition candidate for Presidential elections against NDA's Ram Nath Kovind. The announcement in this regard was made by Congress President Sonia Gandhi after the meeting of opposition parties in New Delhi this evening. She appealed to all opposition parties to support Meira Kumar. Congress leader Ghulam Nabi Azad told media that all the 17 opposition parties unanimously decided to field Meira Kumar. A five-time MP,  Ms. Kumar is a former IFS Officer and daughter of Congress veteran Babu Jagjivan Ram. The meeting was attended by former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Sitaram Yechury of CPI(M), RJD Chief Lalu Prasad, Sharad Pawar of NCP, SP leader Ramgopal Yadav, BSP leader Satish Chandra Mishra, DMK leader Kanimozhi  among others.

GST To Lower Overall Tax Burden Over Time, Says RBI Governor

Reserve Bank of India governor Urjit Patel has said, the soon-to-be-implemented Goods and Services Tax (GST) will not only create a national market but will also broaden the tax base, which in turn will lower the overall taxes in the long-term. Addressing an event organized by IMC Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Mumbai,  Mr. Patel said, GST itself is a part of the digitization revolution, which along with the reforms on the information tax side in terms of the processes and operations, has the potential to broaden the tax base considerably. The governor also said GST is a precursor to a low tax regime in the country at a later stage. He also said the broadening of the tax base is an important outcome of the new uniform taxation regime and other initiatives on e-payments and digitization. He added that besides creation of a national market, GST will also reduce many inefficiencies within the states while moving goods from within a state and also across the country.

Uttarakhand Becomes Open-Defecation-Free State

Uttarakhand has become the fourth Open Defecation Free state in the country today. The Union Minister Jitendra Singh Tomar declared Uttarakhand as ODF state during Swachh Bharat Programme organized in ONGC, Dehi today. In a major initiative under the cleanliness drive, Uttarakhand has got the status as the fourth ODF state after Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala.

New Acting Governor For Bihar

West Bengal Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi took the oath of Bihar's acting Governor today. Chief Justice of Patna High Court Rajendra Menon administered his oath of office in a simple function at Raj Bhawan in Patna. The post fell vacant following the resignation of the Ram Nath Kovind who has been made NDA Presidential candidate

Pune Municipal Corporation's Bond Listed On Bombay Stock Exchange

Union Minister for Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation M Venkaiah Naidu struck the ‘Gong’ at the Bombay Stock Exchange, marking the listing of Pune Municipal Corporation bonds. This is India’s largest Municipal Bonds programme with a value of 2264 crore rupees. This is happening after over 15 years of the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation selling the bonds for the first time in 1998. Speaking on the occasion, Mr. Naidu said it has far wider implications. Capturing the significance of this event in one sentence he said the sound of the Gong is an echo of urban revival happening in our country now.

NASSCOM Sees Headwinds, Pegs IT Export Growth At 7-8%


As global headwinds continue to adversely impact business, IT industry association Nasscom has pegged a lower growth rate for IT-BPM exports for Financial Year 2017-18. It forecasts exports of $124-125 billion, a growth rate of 7-8 percent for the year, a notch lower than the 8-10 percent growth it had pegged for 2016-17. It also expects the industry to see the net hiring of 1.3-1.5 lakh during the year. Nasscom President R Chandrasekhar says increased protectionist rhetoric, Brexit, visa issues, and delayed decision-making due to macroeconomic uncertainties will serve as headwinds for the industry.

US Says China Has A Responsibility To Exert Greater Pressure On North Korea

The United States has said that China has a responsibility to exert much greater pressure on North Korea to prevent escalating tensions. US diplomatic and defence chiefs met their Chinese counterparts yesterday for security talks. They pushed China to rein in companies that allegedly deal with North Korea in violation of UN sanctions. Their meeting took place against a backdrop of high tensions on the divided Korean Peninsula. The talks also covered the South China Sea, where Beijing's island-building and construction of possible military facilities have rattled neighbours and caused tension with Washington. US President Donald Trump has been counting on China to use its economic leverage with the government of North Korean amid growing American concern over North's Korea's acceleration toward having a nuclear missile that can strike the US mainland.

UN: India To Become More Populous Than China By 2024

According to the World Population Prospectus: The Revision released by the United Nations, India with 1.3 billion inhabitants would surpass China’s population of 1.4 billion by 2024, to become the World’s populous country. Despite the drop in universal fertility rates, the UN report expects the world’s total population to hit 9.8 billion by 2050. As per the report, the world’s population is at present 7.6 billion up from 7.4 billion last year. The increase in population was spurred by the relatively high levels of fertility in developing countries. With an addition of 82 million people every year, UN expects a continuation of the upward trend in population size. At this rate, the world population is expected to reach 8.6 billion in 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and surpass 11.2 billion in 2100.

UN Appoints Russian Diplomat Vladimir Voronkov As Chief Of Newly Established United Nations Counter-Terrorism Centre


The UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has appointed Russian diplomat Vladimir Voronkov to head the newly established UN Counter-Terrorism Centre (UNCCT), despite growing tensions between the US and Russia. Vladimir Voronkov has been given the rank of Under-Secretary-General. The new Under-Secretary-General would Chair the Task Force and Executive Director of the UN Counter-Terrorism Centre.




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Thursday, 22 June 2017

What is Partnership and How to solve Partnership Questions?

In this post, we will discuss What is Partnership and Solve Partnership Questions using Formulas to save time in Bank Exams
Partnership Questions

Partnership Questions are one of the most important questions that appear in Bank Exams. Partnership Questions are based on the concept of ratio and proportion. Often partnership questions ask you to find the share of profit of individuals. These questions are logic based questions which can be easily solved with the help of formulas. If you understand the term partnership then, you can easily solve partnership questions by just using formulas.

In this post, we will discuss, What is Partnership? Formulas to solve partnership Questions and few solved examples using partnership formulas to save time in Bank Exams.

What is Partnership?
A partnership is a type of business organisation where two or more individuals come together – Pool money, skills, resources, share profit and losses.

For example: A and B started a business with an investment of Rs.1,00,000 each. This means that A and B are 50% partners and they share their profit and loss equally.

Formulas to solve Partnership Questions
Partnership questions generally ask you to find the profit share of the different people.

Let us assume there are two people A and B and they have come together to run a business. To start a business they need to invest. So, both of them invest 1.5 lakh each. At the end of the year when profits are divided among them, they are divided equally because a person's profit is directly proportional to the investment and profit is directly proportional to the time period. 
Partnership Questions
Partnership Questions
Hence, Profit is directly proportional to the product of Investment and Time Period.
Partnership Questions
To find the ratio of profit shares, 
Partnership Questions
If there are three partners, then the ratio of their shares of profit will be denoted as 
Partnership Questions
Example 1: Partnership Questions

Question: Meena started a business investing Rs 12000. After 5 months, Abhay joined her with a capital of Rs.9000. At the end of the year, the total profit was Rs.4416. What is the share of profit of Meena?
Solution:
Step 1:
Investment of Meena = I= Rs.12000
Time period = T1 year i.e. 12 months
Investment of Abhay = I= Rs.9000
Time Period = T12 – 5 = 7 (Since he joined 5 months late)
Total Profit = Rs.4416

Step 2:
To find the ratio of share of profits of Meena and Abhay, we use the formula
PM : PA = IM x TM : IA x TA

Step 2:
By substituting the values  in the formulas
12000 x 12/ 9000 x 7
= 16/7

Step 3:
From the ratio, we find Meena's share of profit
PM = 16/(16 + 7) x 4416
= 3072

Therefore, Meena's share of profit is Rs.3072.

Example 2: Partnership Questions

Question: Pankaj and Nitin started a business by investing Rs.4200 and Rs.5700 respectively, but Nitin left the business after 8 months. Find the difference between the share of profits of Pankaj and Nitin, if the total profit at the end of the year was Rs.26000.

Solution:
Step 1:
Investment of Pankaj = Ip = Rs. 4200
Time period = T= 1  year i.e. 12 months
Investment of Nitin = IN= Rs.5700
Time Period = TN = 8 months
Total Profit = Rs.2600

Step 2:
Formula 
PP : PN= Ip x Tp : IN x TN

Step 3:
By substituting the values in the formula
PP: PN = 42000 x 12 : 57000 x 8
PP: PN = 42 x 12 : 57 x 8
PP: PN = 21 : 19

Step 4:
To calculate the difference between the share of profit we take the difference in their ratios with the total ratio and multiply it with the total profit.
21 - 19 = 2 (Difference in the ratio)
21 + 19 = 40 (Total ratio)

Step 5:
2/ 40 x 26000 = 1300

Therefore, the difference between their shares of profit is Rs.1300.
Partnership Questions
Example 3: Partnership Questions

Question: Sarita started a business investing Rs.50000. After 6 months, Abhishek joined her with Rs.75000. After another 6 months, Nisha also joined them with Rs. 1.25 lakh. What should be the ratio in which the profit is shared by the 3 people respectively at the end of 2 years?

Solution:
Step 1:
Investment of Sarita = IS = Rs.50000
Time period =TS 24 months
Investment of Abhishek =IA Rs.75000
Time period = T18 months
Investment of Nisha =IN = Rs.1.25 lakh
Time period = TN = 12 months

Step 2:


PS:PA:PN =  IS x TS : IA x TA : IN x TN


Step 3:
PS:PA:PN = (50,000 x 24) : (75000 x 18) :  (125000 x 12)

Step 4:
By simplification,
8: 9: 10

Therefore, 8: 9: 10 is the ratio in which profit is shared between Sarita, Abhishek and Nisha respectively at the end of 2 years.

Example 4: Partnership Questions

Question: Subash started a business by investing Rs.25000. 6 months later Aditya joined him by investing Rs.15000. After another 6 months, Aditya invested an additional amount of Rs15,0000. At the end of 3 years, they earned a profit of Rs.2,47,000. What is Aditya's share?

Step 1:
Investment of Subhash =IS 25000
Time period = Tyears
Investment of Aditya =IA1 = 15000
Time period = TA1 30 months
Investment of Aditya = IA2 15000
Time period = TA2 24 months  

Step 2:
PS : PA = IS x TS : [ (IA1 x TA1) +  IA2 x TA2]   

Step 3:
S : A = (25000 x 36) : (15000 x 30 + 15000 x 24)
= 30: 27
= 10: 9

Step 4:
Aditya’s share = 9/19 x 2,47,000 = 1,17,000

Therefore, Aditya’s share of Profit at the end of 3 years = 1,17,000

Practice Partnership Questions for Bank Exams

Question: Simran started a software business by investing Rs. 50,000. After six months, Nanda Joined her with a capital of Rs. 80,000. After 3 years, they earned a profit of Rs. 24,500. What was Simran’s share in the profit?
1) Rs.9423       2)10,500        3) 12,500       4)14,000      5) None of these
Question: Aman started a business investing Rs. 70,000 Rakhi Joined him after six months with an amount of Rs. 1,05,000 and Sagar Joined them with Rs. 1.4 lakhs after another six months. The amount of profit earned should be distributed in what ratio among Aman, Rakhi and Sagar respectively, 3 years after Aman started the business?
1) 7: 6:10      2) 12:15:16      3)42:45:56    4) Cannot be determined    4) None of these
Do leave your answer in the comment section!
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Partnership Questions
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3 Tips to Solve Data Interpretation Questions on Caselets

In this post, we will discuss Tips and Tricks to solve Data Interpretation Questions that are asked on Caselets in SSC Exams.
Data Interpretation Questions on Caselets
Caselets is an important part of data interpretation on which questions are asked frequently in SSC Exams. Caselets from data interpretation carry 5 marks in exams. These 5 marks can be easily scored in the least time if you know the smart approach. In this post, we will discuss tips and smart approach towards data interpretation questions that are asked on caselets. Before moving further let’s revise basics of data interpretation.
Data Interpretation Questions on Caselets
What are Caselets?
Caselets are paragraphs in which complete information is presented in the form of sentences. The data is in the raw form and questions are asked on its basis. Before solving questions on caselets, data has to be extracted from the paragraph. The length of the paragraph may vary from short to medium in length. Sometimes, caselets are combined with other sources of data such as tables, graphs etc.
The only disadvantage of caselets over other data interpretation questions is that we need to analyse the paragraph and the questions carefully before answering them.

3 tips to solve Data Interpretation Question Asked on Caselets

➤Read the caselets and associated questions carefully before directly jumping to solve them.
➤Arrange the data in an order to have a better understanding towards them.
➤Underline the important sentences while reading the paragraph because it will help you to draw conclusions easily.

Example: Data Interpretation Questions on caselets

A school has 400 students- boys and girls, who are in the ratio of 3:5. The students speak Hindi, English or both the languages. 12% of the boys speak only Hindi, 22% of the girls speak only English, 24% of the total students speak only Hindi and the number of boys speaking both the languages is six times the number of boys speaking only Hindi.

1)    How many boys speak Hindi?
2)    How many girls speak only Hindi?
3)    How many students speak English?
4)    The number of girls speaking only Hindi is what percent of the total number of students speaking only Hindi?
5)    What is the ratio of the number of boys to the number of girls speaking both the languages

Solution:
Information analysis –
Total Number of students = 400
Ratio of boys and girls; B: G = 3: 5
Number of boys = 3/8 x 400 = 150
Number of girls = 5/8 x 400 = 250
Organise the data in a systematic order. Here, we have arranged them in a form of table. 



Only Hindi
Only English
Both the languages
Number of Boys(150)
12% of 150 = 18
150 – 18 – 108 = 24
6 x 18 = 108
Number of Girls (250)
96 – 18 = 78
22% of 250 = 55
250 – 78 – 55 = 117
Total number of students
(400)
24% of 400 = 96



Question 1: How many boys speak Hindi?
Step 1:
Solution:
In this question, we need to calculate the percentage of boys who speak Hindi. It means that we need to calculate the percentage of boys who speak only Hindi and boys who speak Hindi + English.

Step 2:
Number of boys who speak only Hindi = 18
Number of boys who speak Hindi + English = 108
18 + 108 = 126

Therefore, the number of boys who speak Hindi are 126

Question 2:  How many girls speak only Hindi?
Solution:
Step 1:
In this question, we need to calculate the number of girls who speak only Hindi.
From the table above, we get to know that number of girls who speak only Hindi are 78.

Therefore, the number of girls who speak Hindi are 78.

To have an edge over data interpretation questions, practice more questions from data interpretation.
Data Interpretation Questions on Caselets
Question 3: How many students speak English?
Solution:
Step 1:
In this question, we need to calculate the number of students who speak English. So we subtract the number of students who speak only Hindi from the total number of students
Total number of students – Number of students who speak only Hindi
400 – 96 = 304

Therefore, the number of students who speak English are 304.

Question 4: The number of girls speaking only Hindi is what percent of the total number of students speaking only Hindi?
Solution:
Step 1:
Number of girls who speak Hindi – 78 [x]
Total number of students who speak only Hindi – 96 [y]
As we need to find the percentage change we know that
x/y x 100

Step 2:
78/96 x 100
81.25%

Therefore, 81.25% is the percentage change.

Question 5:  What is the ratio of the number of boys to the number of girls speaking both the languages?
Solution:
Step 1:
Number of boys speaking both the languages = 108
Number of Girls speaking both the languages = 117
The ratio of the number of boys who speak both the languages: Number of girls who speak both languages
= 108: 117

Step 2:
By further simplification we get,
12:13

Therefore, the ratio of boys is to girls who speak both the languages are 12:13.

Do write in the comment section, how this post helped you solve Data Interpretation Questions on Caselets in less time for SSC Exams

To improve your efficiency, download data interpretation questions on caselets for practice and save time in SSC Exams.  

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Data Interpretation Questions on Caselets
Data Interpretation Questions on Caselets
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