Every year, at least one question is asked on CTET examination on Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development. Mostly the questions asks you to identify a particular moral action or behaviour into pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional stages as constituted in Lawrence Kolhberg’s Theory of Moral Development.
If you want to understand Kohlberg’s theory, please watch two videos that explains the concept from CTET point of view here –
The first video gives you an introduction on Heinz’s Dilemma and second video talks in detail about all the stages given by Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development.
After watching these, let’s look now at one of the questions asked in CTET exam on Kohlberg’s Theory
Karnail Singh does not pay
income tax despite legal procedures and expenses. He thinks that he cannot
support a corrupt government which spends millions of rupees in building
unnecessary dams. He is probably in which state of Kohlberg's stages of moral
development?( ) Conventional( ) Post Conventional( ) Pre Conventional
( ) Para Conventional
What is this question asking you to evaluate? Let’s use our elimination strategy. There is nothing called Para Conventional. So, option (d) is out.
This definitely is not pre-conventional as Karnail has some moral view on whether to pay taxes or not. So, option (c) is out too.
Can it be conventional? In the video, you have seen that abiding laws as is, like crossing traffic lights at the zebra crossing is part of the “Conventional Stage.” While Karnail Singh is definitely not following laws. He is in fact questioning them. So, option (a) is out too. And the correct answer is option (b)
Remember that, in conventional stage Kohlberg suggested that “the individual’s own perspective may take precedence over society’s view; individuals may disobey rules inconsistent with their own principles.”