# CTET Februray 2016 Exam Answer Key for Child Development and Pedagogy, Paper I

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Here you can find Section A of Paper I questions with answer key:

Child Development and Pedagogy

1. To enable students to make conceptual changes in their thinking, a teacher should
(1) offer rewards for children who change their thinking
(2) discourage children from thinking on their own and ask them to just listen to her and follow that
(3) offer an explanation in a lecture mode
(4) make clear and convincing explanations and have discussions with the students

2. In the context of a primary school classroom, what does active engagement mean?
(1) Memorizing, Recall arid Reciting
(2) Imitating and Copying the teacher
(3) Enquiry, Questioning and Debate
(4) Copying answers given by the teacher

3. Children are most creative when they participate in an activity
(1) to escape their teacher's scolding
(2) under stress to do well in front of others
(3) out of interest
(4) for rewards

4. Most classrooms in India are multilingual and this needs to be seen as ________ by the teacher.
(1) a brother
(2) a problem
(3) a resource
(4) an obstacle

5. Mistakes and errors made by students
(1) are a wonderful opportunity to label children as 'weak' or 'outstanding'
(2) are indicative of the failure of the teacher and the students
(3) should be seen as opportunities to understand their thinking
(4) should be severely dealt with

6. ___________ views children as active builders of knowledge and little scientists who construct their own theories of the world.
(1) Skinner
(2) Pavlov
(3) Jung
(4) Piaget

7. Child-centred pedagogy means
(1) giving moral education to the children
(3) giving primacy to children's voices and their active participation
(4) letting the children be totally free

8. A teacher can help the children to process a complex situation by
(1) encouraging competition and offering a high reward to the child who completes the task first
(2) not offering any help at all so that children learn to help on their own
(3) giving a lecture on it
(4) breaking the task into smaller parts and writing down instructions

9. Expecting students to reproduce knowledge in the same way as it is received
(1) is good, since it is easy for the teacher to assess
(2) is an effective assessment strategy
(3) is problematic, because individuals interpret experiences and do not reproduce knowledge as it is received
(4) is good, since we record everything as it is in our brains

10. When students are given an opportunity to discuss a. problem in groups, their learning curve
(1) becomes better
(2) remains stable
(3) declines
(4) remains the same

11. The pace of development varies from one individual to another, but it follows _______ pattern.
(2) a haphazard
(3) an unpredictable
(4) a sequential and orderly

12. Which one of the following is correct about development?
(1) Development begins and ends at birth.
(2) 'Sociocultural context' plays an important role in development.
(3) Development is unidimensional.
(4) Development is discrete.

13. Why do individuals differ from one another?
(1) Because of the impact of the environment
(2) Due to the inborn characteristics
(3) Due to the interplay between heredity and environment
(4) Because each individual has received a different gene set from his/her parents

14. Family play a _______ role in socialization of the child.
(1) a not-so-important
(2) an exciting
(3) a primary
(4) a secondary

15. Which one of the following is a correctly matched pair?
(1) Concrete operational child — Is able to conserve and classify
(2) Formal operational child—Imitation begins, imaginary play
(3) Infancy—Applies logic and is able to infer
(4) Pre-operational child—Deductive thought

16. A child says, 'Clothes dry faster in. the sun." She is showing an understanding of
(1) symbolic thought
(2) egocentric thinking
(3) cause and effect
(4) reversible thinking

17. According to Piaget, children's thinking differs in _________ from adults than in ________
(1) amount; kind
(2) size; correctness
(3) kind; amount
(4) size; type

18. Which one of the following is an example of scaffolding?
(1) Giving prompts and cues, and asking questions at critical junctures (2) Giving motivational lectures to students
(3) Offering explanations without encouraging questioning
(4) Offering both material and non-material rewards

19. According to Vygotsky, children learn
(1) when reinforcement is offered
(2) by maturation
(3) by imitation
(4) by interacting with adults and peers

20. Kohlberg has given
(1) the stages of cognitive development
(2) the stages of physical development
(3) the stages of emotional development
(4) the stages of moral development

21. Which one of the following situations is illustrative of a child-centred classroom?
(1) A class in which the teacher dictates and the students are asked to memorize the notes
(2) A class in which the textbook is the only resource the teacher refers to
(3) A class in which the students are sitting in groups and the teacher takes turns to go to each group
(4) A class in which the behaviour of students is governed by the rewards and punishments the teacher would give them

22. Intelligence is
(1) a set of capabilities
(2) a singular and generic concept
(3) the ability to imitate others
(4) a specific ability

23. Early childhood is period for Language development.
(1) a not-so-significant
(2) an unimportant
(3) a sensitive
(4) a neutral

24. A teacher remarks in a co-education class to boys, “Be boys and don't behave like girls." This remark
(1) reflects caste discrimination
(2) is a good example of dealing with boys and girls
(3) reflects stereotypical behaviour of discrimination between boys and girls
(4) highlights the biological superiority of boys over girls

25. Assessment
(1) is a good strategy to label and categorize children
(2) should actively promote competitive spirit among children
(3) should generate tension and stress to ensure learning
(4) is a way to improve learning

26. Which one of the following statements best describes Inclusion'?
(1) It is the belief that children need to be segregated according to their abilities.
(2) It is the belief that some children cannot learn at all.
(3) It is the philosophy that all children have a right to get equal education in a regular school system.
(4) 1t is the philosophy that special children are 'a special gift of God'.

27. To cater to the children from disadvantaged' background, teacher should
(1) give them a lot of written work
(2) try to find out more about them and involve them in class discussions
(3) make them sit separately in the class
(4) ignore them as they cannot interact with other students

28. Which one of the following behaviours is an identifier of a child with learning disability?
(1) Frequent mood swings
(2) Abusive behaviour
(3) Writing ‘b’ as 'd', 'was' as 'saw; '21' as 12'
(4) Low attention span and high physical activity

29. A child who can see partially
(1) should be put in a regular' school with no Special provisions
(2) should not be given education. since it is not of way use to him
(3) needs to be put in a separate institution
(4) should be put in a 'regular' school while making special provisions