Thursday, 30 March 2017

CTET Recruitment Details 2017

Teacher

March is here! All those of waiting to write the Central Teacher Eligibility Test must be waiting anxiously for the notification. It should be sometime soon, so it would be helpful to quickly go through the details of the CTET in general, and the eligibility criteria in particular.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts the CTET twice every year. Generally, the first CTET is in February and the second in September of the year. So 2017 seems to be seeing some delays.

Why is a centralised test necessary?

The powers that be in India are well aware of the importance of education. It is the tool to raise the standards of living; enlightened minds lead to enlightened lives, stability, and a thriving nation.

The CTET is part of the initiative to realise the goals of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act.

The test aims to improve standards of Indian educational institutions by improving the quality of teachers.

The CTET also aims at setting the national benchmark for teaching and teacher quality.

What makes CTET so desirable?

Qualifying in a state-run Teacher’s Eligibility Test (TET) or the CTET is now mandatory for all those aspirants looking to be primary and middle school teachers.

The CTET ranking is valid for seven years, and there is no cap on the number of attempts.

Passing CTET is compulsory for all CBSE schools since March 2012. The best of teaching jobs in central government and aided schools. Many state-run and aided schools also accept CTET rankings, especially when they do not hold the TET.

Many prestigious private schools also consider this exam ranking.

Who is eligible to write the CTET?

To become a primary school teacher for Classes I-V, the candidate should have passed:
  1. SSC or its equivalent with a minimum of 50% marks + passed or appearing for a 2-year diploma in Elementary education. 45% marks in SSC are acceptable if the Diploma in elementary education is as per NCTE (Recognition Norms and Procedure), Regulations, 2002.
  2. SSC or its equivalent with a minimum of 50% marks + passed or appearing in the final year for a 4-year Bachelor of Elementary Education
  3. SSC or its equivalent with a minimum of 50% marks + passed or appearing in the final year for a 2-year Diploma in Special Education.
  4. Graduation + passed or appearing in final year of 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education 
To become a teacher for Classes VII-VIII, the candidate should have passed:
  1. Graduation + passed or appearing in final year of 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education
  2. Graduation with at least 50% marks + passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed).
  3. Graduation with at least 45% marks + passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed), in accordance with the NCTE (Recognition Norms and Procedure) Regulations issued from time to time in this regard.
  4. SSC or its equivalent with at least 50% marks + passed or appearing in final year of 4- year Bachelor in Elementary Education (B.El.Ed).
  5. SSC or its equivalent with at least 50% marks + passed or appearing in final year of 4- year B.A/B.Sc.Ed or B.A.Ed/B.Sc.Ed.
  6. Graduation with at least 50% marks + passed or appearing in 1-year B.Ed. (Special Education). 
Are you eligible? We suggest you read through the qualifications carefully.

Is the CTET difficult? ‘What is the cut-off?’

A candidate should score at least 60% to qualify.

The cut-off is the minimum score that is set by the CBSE taking various parameters into consideration. Only those candidates who qualify for the CTET cut-off will get the eligibility certificate.

The CTET pattern

This is a multiple choice online test.

There are two papers:

Paper I for teachers of Classes I-V is for a duration of two and a half hours. The subjects are Child Development & Pedagogy, Language I,
Language II, Mathematics, and Environmental Studies. Each paper has 30 questions which carry 30 marks; this makes it 150 questions in all for 150 marks.

Paper II for teachers of Classes VI – VIII is also for a duration of two and a half hours. The compulsory papers are Child Development & Pedagogy, Language I, and Language II, each carrying 30 marks for 30 questions. The fourth paper will have 60 questions for 60 marks and will be in either Science & Mathematics (for aspirants with a science background) or Social Science (for aspirants with an Arts background).  So, once again, 150 questions carrying 150 marks will have to be answered.

The one thing to be thankful for is that there is no negative marking.

If you aspire to be a teacher for Classes VI–VIII, you will have to pass both papers, but not necessarily at the same time; for example, you can write Paper I in March 2017 and Paper II in September 2017 or even later, in 2018. Your CTET ranking each time is valid from the date that it has been issued for 7 years.

Pause for thought

Every year almost 8 lakh candidates appear for the CTET. Unfortunately only a few thousand clear the exam.

Do not underestimate the concentration, speed, and stamina to answer one question within one minute for 150 minutes.

So PREPARE. If you haven’t put in the effort already, it is not too late: remember that the CTET is conducted twice in a year. Enroll with an experienced institute with dedicated and talented faculty.

Video lessons, live problem solving, practice and mock tests, lessons and teaching with a sharp focus on Child Development & Pedagogy will help you score well in the CTET.

If you do not have access to the internet at home, get access to online courses at a centre near you.

Don’t delay. The early bird WILL get the worm!
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30 day structured plan to score well in SBI PO Prelims 2017.

SBI PO Prelims 2017

SBI PO Prelims exam is a competitive exam with a moderate to difficult rating. The competition is fierce and aspirants not only need to toil with determination and sincerity but also make a clear cut plan.

Prelims are based on Mathematics, English & Computers and are divided into 3 sections, namely – quantitative analysis, reasoning and English language. The paper has a total of 100 questions which carry one mark each; 35 questions are based on quantitative analysis and reasoning ability while 30 are based on English language. The aspirant has to pass a basic score in each of the 3 sections.

Once you clear the Preliminary examination, you qualify to take the main exam.
SBI PO Preparation or SBI PO Preliminary Exam Preparation in 30 days is definitely not an easy task but can be accomplished if you chart out a basic plan. List all the chapters in each subject and leave enough time for taking mock tests and for doing analysis. Setting daily goals is an absolute must, so begin by making a chart date-wise and ticking off as you go.

During SBI PO Preparation or SBI PO Preliminary Exam Preparation, plan on mainly studying for the first 20 days and keep the last 10 days for mock tests. Before you begin, be sure to buy some of the books available. Also, go online on relevant sites. These will have material which will not only help you to study but will also pose questions chapter wise giving you the required revision as you move forward with the curriculum. Do devote more time to chapters/subjects you find difficult but do not ignore the ones you find easy for they will help you in upping the score. Spend some time on reading skills every day so that you get used to speed reading on the screen. It is important to read the newspapers everyday and it is of utmost importance to be well informed about current affairs for they form a chunk of the questionnaire.

Given below is a 30 day plan for SBI PO Preparation or SBI PO Preliminary Exam Preparation but feel free to shuffle lessons/chapters, making to suitable for you:

     ENGLISH
   REASONING
 MATHEMATICS
DAY 1-3
Full Grammar including adjectives, adverbs, articles, phrases & clauses.
Coding, decoding, blood relatives, missing series.
Coding, decoding, blood relatives, missing series.
DAY 4-6
Verbs & Pronouns.
Idioms & Phrases.
Active & Passive voice
Analysis
Syllogism
Analogy
Percentages & Averages
Ratios & Proportions.
DAY 7-9
Direct & Indirect Speech
Tenses
Number Ranking
Inequalities
Test of Direction Sense
Simple & Compound Interest.
Time & Speed
Problems on Numbers & Ages.
DAY 10-12
Speed Reading
Auxillary & Modals
Cloze Test
Order & Ranking
Critical Reasoning
Time & Work
Mixture & Alligation
Boats & Streams
DAY 13-15
Para Jumbles
Prepositions, Interjections & Conjunctions
Cloze Test
Puzzles
Alphabet based problems
Profit & Loss
Data Interpretation
Probability

DAY 16-18
Cloze Test
Revision of Grammar
Begin Revision:
Chapters 1 - 8
Revision:
Chapters 1 - 8
DAY 19-20
Cloze Test
Revision Tests
Revision:
Chapters 9 - 12
Revision:
Chapters 9 - 14
DAY 21-29
Practice Mock 1 – 9
& Analysis
Practice Mock 1 – 9
& Analysis
Practice Mock 1 – 9
& Analysis
DAY 30
Take more mock tests to make you perfect.
Take more mock tests to make you perfect.
Take more mock tests to make you perfect.

To crack the SBI PO, you need to be really focused. None of the questions are straight-forward, so work on the aptitude & reasoning chapters with concentration. Make reminder notes of errors made while giving mock tests and remember to pay extra attention to them. It is imperative that you solve as many mock practice papers as you can so that you can analyze and know your weaknesses. 

In SBI PO exam, speed is of great essence. During SBI PO Preparation or SBI PO Preliminary Exam Preparation, practice to speed-read online to become proficient at it and this will give you an advantage during the exam. Train your mind so that you can attempt more questions in a short time. During mock papers, time yourself and focus on areas in which you are slow.

When you begin to take mock sets, put a time limit and work towards achieving it. If you follow these guidelines, you will surely be a winner in the first attempt itself.
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Wednesday, 29 March 2017

How to Use Assumed Average to Solve Questions in Bank and SSC Exams


In this post we will discuss how to solve questions on Average using the concept of Assumed Average which will help you save time in competitive exams.


Assumed Average

Mathematics is the key to doing well in all Bank and SSC Exams. Of the many topics that are asked in competitive exams Average is a common topic. Assumed average can be a very useful method to solve questions on Average and earn some time for yourself.
So here is a series of blog posts about such smart methods that will help you solve questions in 5- 10 seconds that would otherwise take 30- 45 seconds. Questions on average come in most competitive exams and how to use Assumed Average to solve questions on Average can be a very useful concept to save time.


What is Average?

Average is a standard mathematical operation that usually involves finding the central value from among a group of values. It is also described as an equal distribution of the given amount among the group. Defined in mathematical terms, it is the numerical result obtained by dividing the sum of two or more quantities by the number of quantities.


Formula for Average-

Assumed Average

We have all been using this formula to solve questions on averages since our school days and know it by heart!


Example for Questions on Average

Find the average of 34, 29, 42, 35, 22, 30.
The options are-
a) 25     b)30     c)33     d)None of these


Conventional Method to Solve Questions on Average

The minute you read the question in a Bank or SSC Exam, you are tempted to grab a pen and paper and follow the obvious method which is of adding all the 6 values and dividing it by 6
34+ 29+ 42+ 35+ 22+ 30)/ 6
Step 1:
192/ 6
Step 2:
32
Without a doubt this is the correct answer, however it took you almost 20 seconds to arrive at this answer. But is this a smart method? Is it advisable to use this method when you are preparing for Bank Exams? Time to say goodbye to such long methods and start your exam preparation using some smart methods!
Assumed Average

Smart Method to Solve Questions Using Assumed Average       

Now let us use our smart method, a method you should use in Bank and SSC Exams, to solve the same question.
The method involves assuming a number as a average and calculating the deviation of the given values from the assumed average and then finding the average deviation.
Let us assume 30 to be the average in this case.
Step 1:
Deviation of values from assumed average= (+4 –1 +12 +5 -8 +0)/ 6
Step 2:
12/ 6 = 2
Therefore, the average is 30+ 2= 32
Assumed Average

Wasn’t that just 5 seconds of simple, quick calculations for to you reach your answer!
Watch our expert faculty explain this smart method.



Try solving this question by using Assumed Average!

What is the average of 144, 153, 149, 135, 140
1) 139      2) 144.2      3) 135      4) 141.6      5) None of these

Write your answers in the comment section and tell us how Assumed Average helped you to solve questions on Average.

Stay tuned for more smart ways to solve questions and save some valuable time in Bank and SSC Exams.


Assumed Average




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How to Compare Percentage between Two Values



In this post we will discuss how to compare percentage between two unknown values and find percentage difference between them using a smart method.


Compare Percentage


For all Bank and SSC Exams Percentage is a significant topic in the Quantitative Section as it is also used in concepts like Compound and Simple Interest and Profit and Loss. It is extremely important not only to understand the topic but moreover figure out smart ways to calculate percentage and compare percentage with effective use of time. 

So here is a series of blog posts about smart methods that will help you solve questions in 5- 10 seconds that would otherwise take 30- 45 seconds. This will give you an edge over other candidates since the time you save in an exam is actually the extra time that you earn for yourself!

Percentage Comparison between Two Values

Percentage is the ratio between part and whole where the whole is considered to be 100. Questions that need you to compare percentage between two unknown values is a frequently asked question and involves finding the difference between them. It is expressed as a ratio or relative percentage.

Compare Percentage

Example of a Question on Comparing Percentage

If A’s salary is 25% more than B’s salary, then by what percentage is B’s salary less than A’s?

The first thought that will come to most of you on reading this question is that the answer is 25% and you don’t need to calculate percentage at all! However, don’t fall trap to it because the percentage relation from A→B is clearly not the same as the relation from B →A.


The Conventional Method to Compare Percentage

There is high probability that the minute you read this question, you are tempted to solve it by the traditional method of comparing and then calculate percentage difference between the two values. But that includes various steps that start with expressing A in terms of B-
Step 1:
A= B+ 25% of B
Step 2:
A= 5B/4 (converting % to fraction)
Step 3:
B= 4A/5
Step 4:
B= 80% (converting fraction to %)
Hence A is 20% less than B.
Undoubtedly the answer we have got by this method is correct but this is a tedious time taking process involving many steps which only increases the probability of errors.
It is essential for you to have a cohesive and well planned approach to answer the maximum number of questions correctly in less time to crack your Bank exam. Therefore it is paramount that while practicing you use these methods too!

Compare Percentage

The Smart Method to Calculate Percentage Difference

Now let us solve the same question and compare percentage by using a smart step that involves just one step and saves a lot of valuable time.
Convert the percentage difference in a fraction, which is 1/ 4 in this case (25%= 1/ 4)
Now comes the trick- To find out by how much % B is less than A, increase the value of the denominator by the value of the numerator ( 1 in this case)
Step 1:
1/ 4 becomes 1/ (4+1) which is actually the answer
Step 2:
1/ 5 = 20%
Therefore we reach the answer in just one step.


Compare Percentage


Isn’t this really easy and super quick! Watch the video below to see our expert faculty explain this amazing method.



To check your understanding of this concept try and solve this question by the smart method-

The sale of Company N is 40% less than that of Company T. Then by what percent is the sale of company T more than that of N?

1) 66.66%      2) 25%      3) 20%      4) 33.33%      5) None of these

Do tell us in the comments below how this trick helped you save time and arrive at the answer in just a few seconds.

Stay tuned to this space for more such tricks!

Compare Percentage




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Daily Update On Current Affairs - March 29, 2017


Current Affairs

Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

Parliament Passes Mental Health Bill, 2016

The Parliament has passed the Mental Healthcare Bill, 2016 that decriminalises suicide attempt by mentally ill people and guarantees the right to better health care for people with mental illness. It was first passed in Rajya Sabha in August 2016 and later in Lok Sabha in March 2017. Now it will go to the President for his assent.

Government Launches Online Film Certification System

The Union Information and Broadcasting Ministry has launched the e-Cinepramaan, an online film certification system of the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC). This initiative was launched on the lines of Union Government’s vision of ease-of-doing-business and digital India, to make the entire process transparent and efficient.

India, Nepal Renew Petroleum Supply Agreement

India and Nepal have signed an agreement to renew the supply of petroleum to Nepal for a period of five years i.e. till 2022. The renewed agreement, which was overseen by the Petroleum Ministers of both the countries, was signed even as both sides pledged to build a new pipeline for LPG.

Indian Navy De-Inducts TU-142M Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft

The Indian Navy has de-inducted TU-142M Long Range Maritime Patrol aircraft after 29 years of dedicated service to the nation and 30,000 hours of accident-free flying. The aircraft was formally de-inducted at a ceremony held at INS Rajali Naval Air Station in Arakkonam, Tamil Nadu. Now its role will be taken on by the newly inducted Boeing P-8I aircraft.

Key Facts: TU-142M was inducted into the Indian Navy at Dabolim Goa from the erstwhile USSR in 1988. Later it shifted base and made INS Rajali its permanent home in 1992. It was the fastest turboprop aircraft in the world. It had four powerful engines, contra-rotating, slender fuselage and swept wings. Since its induction, it was the mainstay of maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare operations of the Indian Navy. It had participated in all major naval exercises and operations such as Operation Cactus in Maldives, Operation Vijay (1998), Operation Parakram (2002) and anti-piracy operations from 2011 to till date. It also played an important role in transforming aspects of maritime reconnaissance and airborne anti-submarine warfare of Navy with its enhanced endurance, speed, long range weapons and sensors. TU-142M aircraft squadron was awarded Unit Citation by the Chief of Naval Staff in 2002 and was adjudged the Best Frontline Squadron on numerous occasions over the years.

Centre Imposes 10 Percent Import Duty On Wheat And Tur Dal With Immediate Effect To Protect Farmers' Interests

The Government imposed ten percent import duty on wheat and tur dal with immediate effect to protect farmers' interests amid projection of a record crop this year. Announcing the decision in the Lok Sabha, Minister of State for Finance Arjun Ram Meghwal said, a notification issued in  March 2012 has further been amended to impose basic customs duty of ten percent on wheat and tur dal. He said the estimated revenue implication of this decision is about 840 crore rupees at the current levels of imports. The move will help curb sharp fall in the wholesale prices of these commodities and ensure support price to farmers.

Orissa Becomes The First State To Bring Banking To Remote Rural Areas Through SHG

Orissa Govt has signed an agreement with State Bank of India (SBI) to bring banking to remote rural areas through Self Help Groups (SHGs). This is being implemented through the Orissa Livelihood Mission (OLM) of the state Govt. About three lakh Self Help Groups (SHGs) currently operating under the OLM project will sign up as Banking Correspondents for this purpose. SHGs will reach out to 1000 unbanked rural villages and Gram Panchayats of the State in the first phase, while the second phase will cover another 4000 Gram Panchayats. In the final phase, the entire State will be covered and this system will function as a supplementary Banking service.

Repco Bank Signs Agreement With National Housing Bank

Repco Bank has signed an agreement with National Housing Bank, for the implementation of the Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme for the Middle Income Group – CLSS (MIG), announced by the Govt in Dec 2016. The scheme will be effective in all statutory towns and other towns notified as per the 2011 census. The tenure of the loan is 20 years or what is preferred by the buyer, whichever is lower. An interest subsidy of 4% will be given for Housing Loans upto a maximum of Rs 9 lakhs for MIG borrowers with an annual income of Rs 12 lacs or less. The subsidy will be at 3% for loans upto Rs 12 lakhs for those with an annual income of Rs 18 lakhs or less. The total interest subsidy will be paid to the beneficiaries at one go to reduce the burden of EMIs.

Karnataka Bank Installs Landmark 10,000th PoS Terminal

Mangalore-based Private Sector Bank Karnataka Bank installed the landmark 10,000th point-of-sale (PoS) terminal at Nandana Hotel, Bangalore, on March 27, 2017. The demonetisation of specified bank notes in November and the thrust on migration to digital channels for transactions seem to have helped Karnataka Bank reach its target for installing 10,000 PoS terminals three years in advance.

Government To Give Rs 100 Cr Each To Top 7 IITs

The Centre will offer Rs 100 Cr each to the Top 7 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) in the coming financial year to improve their quality further with a view to enhancing their global rankings. The IITs chosen for this are IIT, Madras, IIT, Mumbai, IIT Kanpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Roorkee and IIT, Guwahati.

India Regains Border Gavaskar Trophy In Cricket

India has regained the Border Gavaskar Trophy in Cricket by beating Australia 2-1 in the four-Test series which concluded in Dharmashala on the 28th March 2017. In the final test, the hosts won by 8 wickets to round off an extremely satisfying home season of 13 Tests, in which they won 10, lost one and drew 2 matches. Ravindra Jadeja was named Man of the Series against Australia. With this win, India consolidated its Number One position in the ICC Rankings for Test playing Nations and also won the US $ 1 Million in prize money.

Rafael Nadal Wins In His 1000th Tour Match In Tennis


Spanish legendary Tennis player Rafael Nadal, playing in the Miami Open Tournament, won an easy victory in his 1000th match of his Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) tour. The multiple Grand Slam champion has thus written a new chapter in his illustrious career.
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Tuesday, 28 March 2017

How to Solve Questions on Average without the Average Formula


In this post we will discuss how to solve questions on average without using the formula, that will help you to save time in Bank and SSC Exams.




Quantitative Aptitude is an integral part of all Bank and SSC Exams. Questions on Average are asked in most competitive exams and using the Average formula to solve them is not a very good idea when you want to save time. 
The only difference between candidates who get selected and candidates who don’t get selected is time management which is because of the use of smart methods to solve problems. So this is a series of blog posts about smart methods that will help you solve questions in 5- 10 seconds that would otherwise take much longer.

What is Average?

Average is a standard mathematical operation that usually involves finding the central value from amongst a group of values. It is also described as equal distribution of the given amount among the group. Defined in mathematical terms it is the numerical result obtained by dividing sum of two or more quantities by the number of quantities.
One of the most popular models of questions asked in averages is when a value is replaced, removed or added from the group and its impact in the group average.

What is the Average Formula? 


We have all been using this formula to solve questions on averages since our school days and know it by heart! Interestingly, this formula can be used to solve all kind of questions for averages.


Example of a Question on Average

The average age of 39 students and a teacher of a Class are 11 years. If the age of the teacher is excluded the average age of class is reduced by 1. What is the age of the teacher?

1) 49 years      2) 39 years      3) 50 years      4) 52 years      5) None of these


Conventional Method - Using the Average Formula

So how do you always solve this question? Scribble down some numbers on a sheet of paper and start multiplying, adding, subtracting and dividing.
Step 1:
The average of 39 students + 1 teacher = 11
Step 2:
Sum of ages of 39 students + 1 teacher= 11x (39+1)= 440 (i)
Step 3:
When the teacher is excluded from for the average age the new average= 11- 1= 10
Step 4:
The sum of the ages of 39 students= 39x 10= 390 (ii)
Step 5:
Teacher’s age= (i)- (ii)= 440- 390= 50
Phew that was 45 valuable seconds of a competitive exam! That’s just too much calculation for a simple problem like this which can actually be solved in just one line.


Smart Method without the Average Formula

Now get ready for a smart solution that will help you save at least 30 extremely precious seconds! After all time saved in an exam is actually the extra time that you earn for yourself.
When the teacher leaves the group, he/ she takes with him/ her 1 year (the change in the new average) from each of the 39 students along with the 11 years of his/her average age.
Step 1:
(39 x 1)+ 11= 50
This implies that if a value leaves the group, the value takes with it the change multiplied by the number of values and of course the old average, since it was also a part of the group.


Isn’t this just awesome! Hardly 10 seconds and an answer to a question that originally required so much calculation!

Watch this amazing short cut.


Practice Questions on Average
Why don’t you try to solve these questions by using the smart method and not the average formula!

      The average age of 50 students and a teacher of a Class are 12 years. If the age of teacher is excluded the average age of class is reduced by 1. What is the age of teacher?
a)62 years      b) 60 years      c) 61 years      d) 53 years      e) None of these

The average age of 30 students is 9 years. If the age of their teacher is included, it becomes 10 years. The age of the teacher is
             a) 28 years      b) 30 years      c) 40 years      d) 43 years      e) None of these

Write your answers in the comments below!

Watch this space to earn some more time in exams, because time saved is time earned!






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