Monday, 18 December 2017

Current Affairs - December 18, 2017

Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

French man sets new world record for nonstop solo sailing around the world   
Frenchman Francois Gabart smashed the world record for the fastest non-stop solo navigation of the globe, completing the mammoth feat in 42 days, 16 hours, 40 minutes and 35 seconds. The 34-year-old sailor crossed a virtual finish line drawn between the island of Ushant off France's northwest tip and Lizard Point in southwest England at 0145 GMT, comfortably beating the previous record set by compatriot Thomas Coville last year by six days and 10 hours.

Enforcement Directorate freezes assets in STC Case        

The Enforcement Directorate (ED) has frozen assets worth Rs 245 crore in connection with its money laundering probe in the alleged fraud of Rs 2,200 crore with the State Trading Corporation (STC). The agency had early this year registered a criminal case under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) against Ms Global Steel Holding Limited, its chairman Pramod Kumar Mittal and others based on an FIR by the CBI.

UIDAI suspends E KYC verification by Airtel Payment Bank       
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has temporarily barred Bharti Airtel and Airtel Payments Bank from conducting Aadhaar-based SIM verification of mobile customers using eKYC process.  The action follows allegations of Bharti Airtel using the Aadhaar-eKYC based SIM verification process to open payments bank accounts of its subscribers without their informed consent. More than 23 lakh customers have reportedly received as many as Rs. 47 cr in their Airtel bank accounts, which they did not know had been opened.          
Airtel Payments Bank is the first entity to get the final licence from Reserve Bank of India for launching a Payments Bank.        
Shashi Arora is the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Airtel Payments Bank.

Retail Inflation goes up to 4.88% in November 2017        
Retail inflation has risen to 4.88 % in November this year on account of costlier fuel, vegetables and eggs. According to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, the inflation, based on Consumer Price Index (CPI), was at 3.58 percent in October. It was 3.63 percent in November last year. Inflation in eggs shot to 7.95 percent in November on annual basis, as against 0.69 percent in the previous month. In the fuel and light segment, it was 7.92 percent, as against 6.36 in October. For vegetables, it was 22.48 percent in November. The inflation in the segment was only 7.47 percent in October.

P.V. Sindhu loses in Dubai World Super Series Badminton Final        
On 17th December 2017, Olympic silver medalist P V Sindhu has finished as runner-up at the Dubai World Super Series Badminton Final. In an energy-sapping summit clash in Dubai, she lost to World No. 2 Akane Yamaguchi of Japan in three games 21-15, 12-21, 19-21. The match lasted an hour and 31 minutes. It was Sindhu's third loss in a major final, following her narrow defeats at the Rio Olympics and Glasgow World Championship.

Meghalaya launches India’s first social audit law    

Meghalaya became the first state in the country to launch a social audit law. The state passed the Community participation and Public Services Social Audit Act, 2017. This law integrates social audit of government programmes and schemes. This brings about not only a facilitating factor to correct schemes but also empowers the people with a say in how the money should be spent. The law will be applicable to 11 departments and 21 schemes administered by the Meghalaya Government.

Dubai opens world’s first hospital for camel 

Last week, the world’s first hospital for camels was opened in Dubai. Built at a cost of $10.9 million, the hospital has state of the art facilities to treat camels. The Dubai Camel Hospital has a team of international veterinary doctors and can treat 20 camels at a time. The hospital will also do research and development of medicines for camels.

NASA sights eighth planet Kepler- 90i in the solar system         
Scientists at NASA have announced that they have spotted an eighth planet in the solar system. They have named it Kepler-90i. This was announced by NASA on the 14th December 2017. Kepler 90i is the eighth planet discovered in the Kelper 90 system. This is about 2545 light years from earth. So far, scientists have confirmed about 2500 exoplanets, out of which 30 are Earth-like planets where liquid water could exist.

Nepal hosts first International Wheelchair Cricket Tournament  

On 14th December 2017, Kathmandu in Nepal hosted the world’s first ever Wheelchair Cricket tournament. Teams from Nepal, India and Bangladesh participated in the tournament.

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Current Affairs - December 17, 2017

current affairs

Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

Foundation Stone for Nyaya Gram laid in Allahabad    
The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, laid the foundation stone of the 'Nyaya Gram project' of the High Court of Allahabad in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. This judicial academy will make a significant contribution to the capacity of the lower judiciary in Uttar Pradesh. As per the President, the Nyaya Gram project would prove to be a milestone in fulfilling the requirements of the Allahabad High Court.

J&K Bank launches “Sahafat scheme" for journalists

Jammu and Kashmir Bank launched a special financial scheme for journalists of the state. The scheme "J&K Bank Sahafat Finance Scheme" was launched by the bank's chairman and CEO Parvez Ahmad. The scheme will enable journalists to buy cameras, laptops, tablets, and books. The minimum loan amount for the purpose has been fixed at Rs 50,000 while as the maximum cap is Rs 3 lac.

Youthquake named word of the year by Oxford Dictionaries   
Oxford Dictionaries has crowned "youthquake" as its word of 2017 in a nod to the unexpected level of youth engagement in this summer's election in the United Kingdom. An amalgamation of "youth" and "earthquake", the noun is defined as "a significant cultural, political, or social change arising from the actions or influence of young people." The word was coined in the 1960s by the then-Vogue editor, Diana Vreeland, to describe upheavals in fashion and music caused by Britain's youth culture.

Income Inequality in India highest since the 1980s

Since 1980 India has led to substantial increase in inequality so much that top 0.1% of earners has continued to capture more growth than all those in the bottom 50% combined, according to the World Inequality Lab in its World Inequality Report 2018. In 2014, the share of national income captured by India's top 1% of earners was 22%, while the share of top 10% of earners was around 56%.

New Director appointed at National Institute of Nutrition  

R Hemalatha has been appointed as the new Director of the country’s premier National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), Hyderabad.  Hemalatha is a medical graduate of Gandhi Medical College, Hyderabad. She assumes office at a historic moment as the institute enters its centenary year. Hemalatha has served as secretary of the Nutrition Society of India, is a fellow of the National Academy of Medical Sciences and a fellow of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences. National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) was founded by Sir Robert McCarrison in the year 1918 as ‘Beri-Beri’ Enquiry Unit in Tamil Nadu. It was shifted to Hyderabad in 1958.

Third World Telugu Conference begins in Hyderabad     
The third World Telugu Conference has begun in Hyderabad amidst much fanfare. The aim of the Conference is to promote Telugu and its literature besides helping the present generation learn more about Telugu language and its rich culture and heritage. Telangana Government has put in place elaborate arrangements for the 5-day event for which about eight thousand Telugu speaking delegates from 40 countries all over the globe will be taking part. Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu had formally inaugurated the Conference.
Official Emblems of 2022 Winter Olympics unveiled

The emblems of the Beijing 2022 Olympic and Para Olympic Winter Games have been named “Winter Dream” and “Flight,” respectively. The emblem launching ceremony was held at the National Aquatic Center, which staged the swimming events during the Beijing 2008 Games. In 2022, this venue will be transformed into an ice rink for curling games. The XXIII Olympic Winter Games will be held from 9th to 25th February 2018 in Pyeong Chang in the Republic of Korea.

16th December – Vijay Diwas 

Vijay Diwas is celebrated across the Nation on 16th December. The day marks the glorious victory over Pakistan during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, in alliance with Bangladesh Mukti Bahini. On 16th December in 1971, the chief of the Pakistani forces, General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, along with 93,000 troops, surrendered to the allied forces of the Indian Army. The anniversary of Vijay Divas is observed across India by paying tributes to the martyrs who laid down their lives for the nation.
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Saturday, 16 December 2017

What is Socialization? - Meaning and Phases

In this post, we will discuss what is socialization, the meaning of socialization and the Phases of socialization to make it easy for you to answer questions in CTET and TET exams.


Socialization and Socializing are often two confused terms, aspiring CTET and TET exams candidates mix up the terms and end up losing their scores in exams. At the end of this post, you will have a better understanding of socialization and socializing which will help you to boost your time and speed in the CTET and TET exams.

What is Socialization?

Socialization is a lifelong process of accepting, acquiring, adjusting, and adapting various values, beliefs, expectations and social skills.
Socialization is a two-way process which helps one to develop an individual personality on their own.
The process of Socialization "begins at birth and ends with death."

Phases of Socialization

Primary Socialization - Phase 1
Primary socialization is defined as the process in which a child, in his early childhood becomes socialized through the family. In case of the primary socialization, the key agent is the family.

Let's take an example: A young child in the family possess very little information about his culture and he/she is not aware of the values, practices and the social norms. A child learns about the do’s and don’ts of the society via family.
Therefore, a child learns
-Internalization of the society’s culture
-structuring of the personality

Secondary socialization - Phase 2

Secondary socialization is a  process that starts in the later stage of a child through agencies such as education and peer group.

In secondary socialization, the involvement of the family becomes less and other social agents play the dominant role. At this phase, a child predominantly learns everything from the school because a school bridges between the family and the society. In school, a child learns to be treated equally as others, since they don't get any special attention at home.

Watch our expert faculty explain you Socialization and four important agents of socialization.

Previous year CTET and TET exams questions -

1. Process of socialization does NOT include:
a. Learning the customs and norms of a culture
b. Acquisition of skills.
c. Acquiring values and beliefs
d. Genetic transmission

2.The most intense and crucial socialization takes place:
a. throughout the life of a person
b. during adolescence
c. during early childhood
d. during adulthood

Do leave the answers in the comment section below and download the free e-book of socialization and previous year questions to ace CTET and TET exams.

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Current Affairs - December 16, 2017

Here's your daily summary of Current Affairs.

WPI raises to an eight-month high of 3.93 % in Nov

Inflation based on the Wholesale Price Index (WPI) accelerated to an eight-month high of 3.93% in November, from 3.59% in October. Data released showed that retail inflation unexpectedly jumped to a 15-month high of 4.88% in November, and industrial production slowed to 2.2% in October. WPI-based inflation rose mainly on account of a sharp increase in fuel and food prices, according to data released by the commerce ministry. While fuel price index rose by 8.8%, food prices index rose 6.06%.

Indian diaspora largest in the world    

The Indian diaspora is the largest in the world, with over 15 million migrants from India living abroad, according to the World Migration Report 2018 published by the International Organisation for Migration, the United Nations migration agency. Because the country has the largest number of migrants abroad, India also receives the highest amount of remittances ($68.91 billion). The largest migration corridor is from India to UAE, where 3.5 million Indians were residing in 2015. The United States remained the top destination for migrants in the world in 2015, with 46.6 million migrants moving to the US in that year.    
World's 3 largest diasporas- 
1. India,         
2. Mexico,      
3. Russia.

Criminalisation of Triple Talaq cleared by Union Cabinet 

The Union Cabinet cleared the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017, or the Triple Talaq bill, which makes the practice a non-bailable offence. The bill proposes a three-year jail term for men who practise instant Triple Talaq. Under the draft law, triple talaq in any form - spoken, in writing or by electronic means such as email, SMS and WhatsApp - would be banned or illegal. The draft law also provides for three years in prison and a fine for a Muslim man trying to divorce his wife by uttering "talaq" three times.

State Bank of India introduces loyalty programme for customers       
The State Bank of India has introduced a loyalty program for its valued customers. This program is called as State Bank Rewardz, the program gives the customers several opportunities to earn reward points and earn many times faster at Max Get More partner outlets. Thus, one can become a member of the State Bank Rewardz Loyalty Program and earn points every time one spends.

Google opens AI research lab in China          

In an apparent move to rebuild its presence in China, Google announced that it will open a research lab focused on Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Beijing, China. It will be its first such centre in Asia. The "Google AI China Centre" will join the other AI research groups that the company has in other parts of the world, including in New York, Toronto, London and Zurich. Focused on basic AI research, the lab will consist of a team of AI researchers in Beijing, supported by the company's engineering teams.

Michael Jordan is the highest paid athlete of all time          

In the latest list released by Forbes, Michael Jordan has been named as the highest-paid athletes of all time. The 54-year-old has a whopping $1.7 billion in the bank. Former world number one golfer Tiger Woods is at the second spot while the late American golfer Arnold Palmer is at No.3. Forbes, the American business magazine was founded in 1917 with Headquarters in New York.

RBI imposes a fine of Rs 3 cr on IndusInd Bank      

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed Rs 3 crore penalty on IndusInd Bank for breaching rules on income classification norms. As per the RBI Statement, the penalty was imposed after the regulator observed violation of various regulations issued by the RBI on non-performing loans and extension of non-fund based limits.

RBI imposes restrictions on Corporation Bank       

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed certain restrictions on Corporation Bank on carrying out banking activities as its share of bad loans rose sharply. The RBI has triggered prompt corrective action (PCA) against it in view of high non-performing loans and requirement to raise capital. This makes Corporation Bank the eighth bank to face restriction in a span of 10 months. Corporation Bank's net non-performing loans have crossed 10% and it reported losses of Rs 1035 cr during the second quarter of 2017. Once PCA is triggered the bank faces restrictions on expenses such as opening branches, recruiting staff and giving increments to employees.     
  • The Managing Director & CEO of the Bank is Jai Kumar Garg and its Headquarters is Mangalore.    
  • Originally, the Bank came into being as Canara Banking Corporation (Udipi) Limited, on 12th March, 1906.
Sachin Siwach is named the best youth boxer by Asian Boxing Confederation      
World youth champion Sachin Siwach was named the Asian Boxing Confederation’s best youth boxer of the year 2017 after winning an online poll conducted by the continental body. Siwach polled 36.2% votes in this category. Siwach claimed the Asian youth championships silver this year besides a gold at the Youth Commonwealth Games. India also got the Best Asian International Technical Official (ITO) award with Lenny D’Gama winning the online poll. D’Gama polled 45.5%.

Eleventh Ministerial Conference of World Trade Organisation held in Argentina       

The Eleventh World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial Conference (MC11) took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The Conference was chaired by Minister Susana Malcorra of Argentina. The Indian Delegation was led by Minister of Commerce and Industry Suresh Prabhu.          
Major takeaways from the conference were:  
1. Three proponent groups announced new initiatives to advance talks at the WTO on the issues of electronic commerce, investment facilitation, and micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). 
2. The European Union contributed Euros 1 million to improve the trading capacity of developing countries and to help them play a more active role in trade negotiations.           
3. The United Kingdom government announced at the WTO’s Ministerial Conference with a commitment of £16 million (around US$ 21.3 million) to 51 of the world’s poorest countries.
4. For the first time in the history of the WTO, the members and observers have endorsed a collective initiative to increase the participation of women in trade.

Julio Ribeiro to be honoured with “Police Jeevan Gaurav” Award        

Former Mumbai Police Commissioner and Punjab Director General of Police is being honoured with the “Police Jeevan Gaurav” Award. This is being given by the Arvind Inamdar Foundation. The Arvind Inamdar awards were set up in 2015 for the welfare of police personnel. Apart from Julio Ribeiro, the awards for this year will also be given to DSP of Nagpur Ramesh Mehta and retired ASI of Beed Pandurang Misal.

After Hyderabad, Bangalore gets Giga byte speed in Internet     

On 13th December 2017, ACT Fibernet launched the 1Gbps wired broadband service in Bangalore. This is the second city after Hyderabad to get this facility. The scheme costs Rs 5999 per month, Rs 35994 for six months and Rs 71,988 for a year.

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Friday, 15 December 2017

Officially AP TET 2017-18 Exam Notification Released - AP TET 2017-18 Goes Online!

Finally, the wait comes to an end. Official Notification for the AP TET 2017-18 is out! Check the details of the notification and start your AP TET 2017-18 preparation.

AP TET 2017-18

AP TET 2017-18 notification has been released by the Andhra Pradesh's Human Resource Minister, Mr. Ganta Srinivas Rao on 13th December 2017. This is the 1st AP TET notification that has been released after the division of Andhra Pradesh. Applicants can start filling their registration forms from 18th December 2017.

The mode of AP TET 2017-18 examination is online. However, AP-TET eligibility remains same as the previous year and,  AP TET examination is conducted for 150 marks and the examination will be conducted for 2.5 hours. 

Here are the highlights of the AP TET Notification 2017-18

AP TET Notification 2017-18 - Exam Calendar

  • Starting Date to Submit Online Application - 18th December 2017
  • Last Date to Submit Online Application - 30th December 2017
  • Download of Hall Tickets - 1st January 2018
  • Date of Examination Paper 1 & Paper 2 - 17th to 18th January 2018
  • Date of Result Declaration - 8th December 2018

AP TET Notification 2017-18 - ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

The candidates at the time of applying for AP TET 2017-18 should be in possession of the following minimum qualifications prescribed for category of I to V classes (Paper- I) and VI to VIII classes (Paper - II) separately

Minimum Qualification for Paper 1 -

a) Intermediate / Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks. However, in case of SC/ ST/ BC/ Differently Abled candidates, the minimum marks shall be 45%
pass in 2 - year Diploma in Elementary Education / 4-year Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.) / 2 - year Diploma in Education (Special Education).


b) Intermediate / Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 45% marks. In respect of SC/ ST/ BC/ Differently Abled candidates, the minimum marks shall be 40%
pass in 2 - year Diploma in Elementary Education/ 4-year Bachelor of Elementary Education. (B.El.Ed.)/ 2 - year Diploma in Education (Special Education) in case of the candidates, who have passed or admitted to D.El.Ed/ D.Ed., course prior to the issue of these guidelines.

Minimum Qualification for AP TET PAPER-II (CLASSES VI TO VIII):

a) B.A./B.Sc./B.Com., with at least 50% marks. In case of SC/ST/BC/Differently Abled candidates, the minimum marks shall be 45% 
pass in Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) course/ Bachelor of Education(B.Ed -Special Education).
AP TET 2017-18

AP TET 2017-18 Notification - Exam Pattern 

Candidates who want to become a teacher for the Class I - V should give paper-I and the candidates who want to become a teacher for the class VI - VIII should give
Paper- II. 
However, a candidate who intends to become a teacher either for Class I-V or for Class VI - VIII should have to give both the Paper i.e. Paper I and Paper II. 

AP TET 2017-18 Notification - Paper I: Exam Pattern

(a) No. of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) – 150
(b) Duration of Examination: 2 hours and 30 minutes:

Structure and Content (all compulsory)
i) Child Development and Pedagogy       30 MCQs                  30 Marks
ii) Language I                                           30 MCQs                  30 Marks
iii) Language II (English)                          30 MCQs                 30 Marks
iv) Mathematics                                        30 MCQs                  30 Marks
v) Environmental Studies                         30 MCQs                  30 Marks
Total                                                         150 MCQs                150 Marks

AP TET 2017-18 Notification - Paper II: Exam Pattern

(a) No. of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) – 150
(b)Duration of Examination: 2 hours and 30 minutes

Structure and Content
(i) Child Development and Pedagogy                  30 MCQs                  30 Marks
ii) Language I                                                       30 MCQs                  30 Marks 
iii) Language II (English)                                      30 MCQs                  30 Marks
iv) (a) For Mathematics & Science Teachers       60 MCQs                  60 Marks
(b) For Social Studies Teacher                            60 MCQs                   60 Marks
(c) For any other Teacher – Either (iv)(a) or (iv)(b)
TOTAL                                                                  150 MCQs                150 Marks

Weightage of TET SCORES in the TEACHER RECRUITMENT of the State:

A 20% weightage to TET scores will be provided in the Teacher Recruitment of the State Government, balance 80% weightage will be for Written Test in Teacher Recruitment Test (TRT) based on which selection lists will be prepared.

Watch our expert faculty discuss the key pointers of the AP TET 2017-18 notification.

Since the AP TET 2017-18 moves online, it is important for you to get used to the technology. Start your preparation online and boost your speed and score in the AP-TET 2017-18 examination. 
AP TET 2017-18

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